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l e c t u r e 1 Against Analytic Metaphysics ’Tis mean Ambition to define / A single World: To many I aspire . . . This busy, vast, enquiring Soul / Brooks no Controul: ’Tis very curious too. — t h o m a s t r a h e r n e , ‘‘Insatiableness’’ Let us begin with a statement that I am sure you must have heard before: God is dead. You are right if you take it that I am serious about this. But what do I mean? When Pascal died, a scrap of paper was found in the lining of his coat. On it was written ‘‘The God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, not the God of the

CATEGORIES AND BEYOND • 25 SCHOLASTIC DEBATES AB OUT BEINGS OF REASON AND CONTEMPORARY ANALYTICAL METAPHYSICS Daniel D. Novotný ABSTRACT Prima facie it would seem that the traditional scholastic debates about entia rationis (“beings of reason”) may be easily brought into dialogue with debates about nonexistent objects in contemporary analytical metaphysics. It turns out, however, that the scholastic debates about beings of reason are placed within a very diff erent ontological framework or paradigm, so that bringing scholastic and analytical authors into

“To Be Is to Have Causal Powers”: Existence and Nature in Analytic Metaphysics Francesco Berto Whatever has a native power, whether of affecting anything else, or of being affected in ever so slight a degree by the most insignificant agents, even on one solitary occasion, is a real being. In short, I offer it as the definition of be- ings that they are potency—and nothing else. – Plato, Sophist 247d–e 1. Existential questions as quantificational questions Quine notoriously claimed that one could answer the fundamental onto- logical

Abstract

Various critiques of important (early) analytic thinkers made by Alain Badiou in the late 1960s have been largely overlooked by continental philosophers and entirely overlooked by analytic philosophers. This paper looks in detail at Badiou’s 1969 essay ‟Mark and Lack,” providing an exposition and clarification of his direct and sustained critique of Gottlob Frege’s supposed ideological (rather than scientific) philosophical commitments. Badiou’s intellectual context is analyzed in some detail, not only explaining his theoretical debt to his then-master Louis Althusser, but also clarifying his understandings of the notions of ‟the scientific” and ‟the ideological” in light of the projects of Gaston Bachelard and Georges Canguilhem. A philosophical exposition of Badiou’s point-by-point critique of Frege’s conception of logic follows. Finally, the paper concludes with an analysis of the more general relevance of Badiou’s half-century-old critiques in light of developments in contemporary analytic metaphysics, especially those indebted to W. V. O. Quine and Donald Davidson. In essence, Davidson’s Fregean reconfiguration of Tarski’s work on truth (more explicit than, but not unrelated to, Quine’s work) places contemporary analytic metaphysics within the scope of what Badiou directly criticizes. It is suggested that Badiou’s critique find a place in discussions of analytic metaphysics.

to solve. In what follows I begin with a necessarily cursory sketch of both the emergence of a secularized intellectualism in the thought of William of Ockham (Section 1) and its subsequent climax in Kant’s transcendental idealism (Section 2) before examining the ramifications of secularizing intellectualism for a handful of representative figures in both continental phenomenology (Section 3) and analytic metaphysics (Section 4 ). I conclude by briefly exploring and endorsing a retrieval of divine intellectualism that might successfully address the sceptical

Studien zur Logik, Sprachphilosophie und Metaphysik

Abstract

The metaphysics of gender and race is a growing area of concern in contemporary analytic metaphysics, with many different views about the nature of gender and race being submitted and discussed. But what are these debates about? What questions are these accounts trying to answer? And is there real disagreement between advocates of differ- ent views about race or gender? If so, what are they really disagreeing about? In this paper I want to develop a view about what the debates in the metaphysics of gender and race are about, namely, a version of metaphysical deflationism, according to which these debates are about how we actually use or should use the terms ‘gender’ and ‘race’ (and other related terms), where moral and political considerations play a central role. I will also argue that my version of the view can overcome some recent and powerful objections to metaphysical deflationism of- fered by Elizabeth Barnes (2014, 2017).

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Contents Introduction 1 Matteo Plebani 1. A Naturalistic Paradox: Existence and Nature in the Philosophy of Mathematics 9 Matteo Plebani 2. “To Be Is to Have Causal Powers”: Existence and Nature in Analytic Metaphysics 33 Francesco Berto 3. Dividing Fiction from Reality: Existence and Nature in Christian Wolff’s Metaphysics 65 Matteo Favaretti Camposampiero 4. “Nature Is the Realm of the Incomprehensible” (Husserl, 1920): Existence and Nature, with a Phenomenological Tale 99

An Inquiry into the Categories of Nature, Man and Soceity
Aristotelian, Scholastic, Analytic