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Connecting Two Separate Fields

4 From Animal Hermeneutics to Animal Ethics Moshe ben Maimon, the twelfth- century Jewish scholar also known as Maimonides, attempts in book 3 of his Guide of the Perplexed to clar- ify the nature of divine providence in relation to the distinction between humans and animals. For humans, Maimonides suggests, divine provi- dence extends “over all the human individuals . . . watching over human individuals and exercising a surveillance over their actions.” For animals, on the other hand, divine providence extends “over the species and not to individual

5. Mental Capacities and Animal Ethics Hans-Johann Glock 1. WHY MOR AL STATUS DEPENDS ON MENTAL CAPACITIES Do at least some non-human animals (henceforth simply ‘animals’) have minds comparable to those of humans? The question is both complex and vexed. It has exercised philosophers, scientists, theologians, lawyers, art- ists and laypeople at least since antiquity. At present it is treated intensive- ly from a variety of methodological perspectives in subjects ranging from evolutionary biology and neurophysiology through ethology, archaeology, psychology

Abstract

The paper aims to highlight the serious methodological issue of contemporary bioethics (especially topics on the subject of animal ethics). In the discourse on the issue of the pain and suffering of animals and in derived questions, a certain form of anthropomorphism is manifested. Ethical applications of empirical research results that are relevant to humans (or humans as an anatomically and physiologically analogous animal species) are preferred. Subsequently, these extrapolations serve as a criterion for judging the qualitative level of the capabilities of all animals. Serious ethical conclusions are drawn from this reduction.

190 11 Animal Ethics and Food Production in the Twenty-First Century David Fraser Th e use of animals to create human food has been a controversial issue since classical times. In ancient Greece the followers of Pythagoras (born about 580 b.c.) saw strong bonds of kinship between humans and animals, and on this basis they rejected the then-common practice of killing animals for food or religious sacrifi ce.1 Th e philosopher Porphyry (232–309), in a culture where animals were widely used for food production, wrote a book-length treatise arguing that the

27 The Status of Animal Ethics Research in Tourism: A Review of Theory David A. Fennell Introduction The purpose of this chapter is to explore the current status of animal ethics research in tourism. It is a topic of interest in view of the fact that animals are used in so many different capacities to facilitate the needs of tourists and the tourism industry. One would be hard pressed to find a destination where animals were not used in some capacity for tourism purposes – animals held in captivity, circuses, rodeos, racing, fighting, pursued in sports

Porphyrios’ Auseinandersetzung mit der Schrift >Gegen die Vegetarier<
The Journal of Federation of Turkish Pathology Societies