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, Oak Ridge, TN (2005). 7. doi:10.1007/s00253-003-1537-7 , B. Kamm, M. Kamm. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 64, 137 (2004). 8. B. Kamm, M. Kamm, P. Gruber (Eds). Biorefineries: Industrial Processes and Products, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim (2006). 9. B. Kamm, M. Kamm. Chem. Biochem. Eng. Q. 18, 1 (2004). 10. H. Roper. Perspektiven der industriellen Nutzung nachwachsender Rohstoffe, insbesondere von Starke und Zucker. Mitteilung der Fachgruppe Umweltchemie und Okotoxikologie der Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker 7, 6 (2001). 11. doi:10.1016/0141-0229(95)00189-1 , Y. Y. Linko, P

An Introduction
From Biomass to Chemicals and Fuels
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_ Biorefineries 28–29 September 2013, Brasília, Brazil The 2nd Brazilian Symposium on Biorefineries, to be held 28–29 September 2013 in Brasília, Brazil, is aimed at promoting dialogue about the possibilities and challenges related to biorefineries and the development of a Green Economy. Its topics are as follows: raw materials advances in chemical, biochemical, and thermochemical processes advances in analytical techniques and methodology economic potential of new products and their sustainability The symposium is limited to 300 attendees from industry

Introduction The re-arrangement of whole economies to biological raw materials as source of value increase requires completely new systemic approaches in research, development and industrial implementation. On the one hand, natural sciences will get a leading role in the generation of future industries of the 21 st century. On the other hand, new ways of synergy of agricultural, biological, physical, chemical, and technical sciences have to be elaborated and established. The necessity for biorefinery development in Europe and Germany is specified in the “Rules

Biorefinery is the facility that converts biomass from living or recently living organisms into chemicals, fuels, energy, and materials. This concept is adopted from petroleum industries, which produce an array of products from crude oil ( López et al. 2010 ). Direct utilization of BP for animal feed and composting is the easiest and cheapest way to dispose these wastes. BP also contains various highly valuable compounds ( Table 1 ), which exhibit nutritional, antioxidant, and medicinal properties and is hence used as a feedstock for animals. In recent times, it is also

1 Introduction Crude oil refinery is the world's primary source of energy for decades. However, the sustainability of the crude oil refinery has become questionable given the finite amount of crude oil feedstock and its contribution to the global greenhouse gas emission [ 1 ]. A bio-refinery that converts biomass into valuable products in identical manner to the crude oil processing in oil refinery can address this concern given the renewable nature of biomass, which is carbon neutral, sustainable, and available in abundant amount [ 2 ]. Several platforms are

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL REACTOR ENGINEERING Volume 8 2010 Article A69 Overview of Biorefineries based on Co-Production of Furfural, Existing Concepts and Novel Developments Wiebren De Jong∗ Gianluca Marcotullio† ∗Delft University of Technology, wiebren.dejong@tudelft.nl †Delft University of Technology, g.marcotullio@tudelft.nl ISSN 1542-6580 Overview of Biorefineries based on Co-Production of Furfural, Existing Concepts and Novel Developments∗ Wiebren De Jong and Gianluca Marcotullio Abstract At Delft University of Technology theoretical and

References [1] T. Berntsson et al. Swedish Pulp Mill Biorefineries - A vision of future possibilities, Swedish Energy Agency, 2006, pp. 1-30. [2] T. Bludowsky and D.W. Agar. „Thermally integrated bio-syngas-production for biorefineries”, in Chemical Engineering Research Design, vol. 87(9), August 2009, pp. 1328-1339. [3] J.J. Bozell and G.R. Petersen. „Technology development for the production of biobased products from biorefinery carbohydrates-the US department of Energy’s Top 10” revisited”, in Green Chemistry, vol. 12 (4), July 2010, pp. 539-554. [4] F

Holzforschung, Vol. 65, pp. 491–496, 2011 • Copyright by Walter de Gruyter • Berlin • Boston. DOI 10.1515/HF.2011.085 2010/244 Article in press - uncorrected proof A larch based biorefinery: pre-extraction and extract fermentation to lactic acid 11th EWLP, Hamburg, Germany, August 16–19, 2010 Hanna Hörhammer1,*, Sara Walton2 and Adriaan van Heiningen1,2 1 Department of Forest Products Technology, Aalto University, Espoo, Finland 2 Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Maine, Orono, ME, USA *Corresponding author. Department of Forest Products