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chapter four (De)Coloniality at Large Time and the Colonial Difference The predetermined trajectory of historical dialectic allows no culturally disparate options, at least not cultural options that are decidedly disparate. . . . Whether in its capitalist or socialist guise, then, history and temporality reign supreme in the euro-western episteme. On the other hand, American Indian spirituality, values, social and political structure, and even ethics are rooted not in some temporal notion of history, but in spirituality. This is perhaps the most dramatic

development? In the 2008 Constitution of Ec ua dor, this new regimen is defined as the or ga nized, sustainable, and dynamic ensemble of economic, po liti cal, sociocultural, and environmental systems that guarantee the realization of buen vivir. What does such a regimen suggest and afford for development’s (de)envelopment? These are the guiding questions for what follows. catherine walsh 9 · Development as Buen Vivir Institutional Arrangements and (De)Colonial Entanglements Development as Buen Vivir · 185 Integral and Sustainable Human Development The twenty

6 EnriqUE DUssEl’s COntriBUtiOn tO tHE DE-COlOniAl tUrn frOm tHE CritiqUE Of mODErnity tO trAnsmODErnity The elucidation of Dussel’s contribution to the ethico-political de- colonial turn—which finds partial expression in the work of Levinas and a more explicit articulation in the work of Fanon—can only begin on the basis of Levinasian and Fanonian critiques of Dussel’s early efforts. At the same time, a precise formulation of the de-colonial turn and the critique of modernity as a paradigm of war would be fundamentally in- complete without engaging Dussel

The article offers an easy-to-use indicator for measuring whether NGOs, international organizations, and government policies and projects meet the criteria for sustained poverty reduction that reverses legacies of colonialism and that promotes self-reliant (mostly "self sufficient") autonomous development following principles that have been established by various international treaties and that are recognized by experts in the field. Use of this indicator reveals that most of the major actors in the field of development are actually providing relief rather than development and are creating dependency by treating symptoms rather than long-term solutions. The indicator points to the specific areas where they need to improve in order to fulfill sustainability criteria including tests of whether aid distorts financial markets and business competition, erodes appropriate government functions, and reverses colonial institutions and ideologies that interfere with sustainable consumption within a resource base. The article also offers a sample test of the indicator using United Nations Volunteers (UNV) as a case study.

Die Décadas von Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas
Inca-Spanish Encounters in Early Colonial Peru
Eine dekoloniale Kritik des liberalen Peacebuilding durch basispolitische Organisationen in Afghanistan
Series: Global Studies