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DE GRUYTER MOUTON Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft 2015; 34(2): 147–173 Dagmar Barton*, Nadine Kolb and Tanja Kupisch Definite article use with generic reference in German: an empirical study DOI 10.1515/zfs-2015-0009 Abstract: This study is concerned with the distribution of the definite article in German with plural nominals that have a generic reading. In Standard German, genericity is typically expressed by bare nouns (Tiger sind gefährlich ‘Tigers are dangerous’). Many researchers have claimed that there is variation in article use in the expression of

transcriptions with the audio via a lexicon including pronunciation variants. The system allowed for the quantification of the phonemic contrast of Romanian central vowels [ʌ] and [ɨ], through acoustic analysis and the contextual distribution of variants ( Renwick et al. 2016 ). Studies on reduction and more generally variation phenomena based on continuous speech and ‘real-life’ corpora are still rare in Romanian. Among the few topics explored, the deletion of the masculine singular marker of the definite article -l , henceforth L-dropping (e.g. pom-pomu l → pom u , ‘tree

Folia Linguistica Historica 33 (2012), 175–213. doi 10.1515/flih.2012.007 issn 0165–4004, e-issn 1614–7308 © Mouton de Gruyter – Societas Linguistica Europaea The emergence of the definite article in Old English Investigating the emergence of the definite article in Old English: About categorization, gradualness and constructions Lotte Sommerer University of Vienna The article attempts to shed new light on the question if a definite article existed in Old English. First, it tries to determine what it actually means to be an article, discusses several

definite bridging NPs in L2 English is found in Crosthwaite (2014b) , yet, to the author’s knowledge, there are currently no existing learner corpus studies on this phenomenon, a gap in the literature that the current paper intends to fill. 2 A taxonomy of bridging relations Discourse-new bridging definite NPs are relatively infrequent compared to the use of definite NPs for other purposes. In Poesio and Vieira’s ( 1998 ) corpus study of 1,412 L1 English definite article NPs, some 50 % of these were classified as truly discourse-new, with 11 % classified as associative

Luke Galea and Leanne Ellul Revisiting the definite article in Maltese Abstract: In this preliminary paper, we shed light on the use of the definite arti- cle in Maltese. In Maltese, the surface realization of the definite article is pre- ceded by the epenthetic vowel [ɪ] when the preceding word ends in a consonant. Thus, before nouns with an initial single consonant such as kelb ‘dog’ and be- fore nouns with a word-initial cluster such as klieb ‘dogs’ the definite article is [ɪl-]. However, when the nouns start with a sibilant-initial cluster, the article

Markku Filppula and Juhani Klemola The definite article in World Englishes1 Abstract: Article usage is an area of syntax where a great deal of variation exists in different varieties of English. This study focuses on the uses of the definite article in two specific types of context: with names of social institutions and with the quantifying expressions both of, half of, most of, when followed by a postmodifying of-phrase. Differences in usage are known to exist between British and American English but in this study the scope is extended to selected varieties

Cognitive Linguistics 22–1 (2011), 25–54 0936–5907/11/0022–0025 DOI 10.1515/COGL.2011.002 © Walter de Gruyter The status of frequency, schemas, and identity in Cognitive Sociolinguistics: A case study on definite article reduction* WILLEM B. HOLLMANN and ANNA SIEWIERSKA Abstract This article contributes to the nascent field of Cognitive Sociolinguistics. In particular, we are interested in how usage-based cognitive linguistics and vari- ationist sociolinguistics may enrich each other. We first discuss some of the ways in which variationist insights have led

VI THE DEFINITE ARTICLE A. DUAL ASPECTS OF THE DEFINITE ARTICLE The definite article is the sign of an anaphoric withdrawal from the singular and particular towards the universal and general. Only a principle of movement can explain the two aspects of the definite article: its use to refer to things already mentioned and its use in making general statements of all kinds.1 The anaphoric usage of the definite article complements the introductory usage of the indefinite article. The indefinite introduces a specimen for the first time, the definite refers

4 Definite Article Reduction The previous chapters introduced the notion of salience as a variable’s surprisal, which allows its use as a sociolinguistic marker. I also promised concrete examples supporting this hypothesis. The first one of these, definite article reduction, is the subject of this chapter. Though I defined salience as a general distinction in surprisal or novelty, in this chapter, I will argue that the variable in question is not only salient because of the different segmental distributions of its realisations, but also because these