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Sutton 2013; Szanto 2014). My goal in this paper is to evaluate some recent arguments with a somewhat novel strategy for the claim that at least certain extant forms of distributed cognition involving groups of cognizers solving problems or performing tasks – that the individuals involved could not do alone or with the same efficiency or facility – are genuine instances of group level cognitive processes, where this implies in particular that the group itself can be said to have in some nontrivial sense cognitive capacities, cognitive properties, or cognitive states

-1003. Zaremba, M. (2012). Wielka trwoga. Polska 1944-1947. Kraków: Znak. Zawadzki, B., Popiel, A. (2014). Na rozstaju dróg. Struktura objawów stresu pourazowego (PTSD) po DSM-5, a przed ICD-11, Nauka, 4, 69-86. Zhang, J., Patel, V.L. (2006). Distributed cognition, representation, and affordance. Pragmatics & Cognition, 14, 2, 333-341. Zychowicz P. (2012). Pakt Ribbentrop-Beck, czyli Polacy mogli u boku III Rzeszy pokonać Związek Sowiecki. Poznań: Rebis. Žanic, M. (2008). Construction of the postwar space: Symbolic construction of Vukovar, Polemos, 11, 2, 29-50.

Semiotics and classroom interaction: Mediated discourse, distributed cognition, and the multimodal semiotics of Maguru Panggul pedagogy in two Balinese Gamelan classrooms in the United States ANDREW JOCUNS Abstract Maguru panggul pedagogy is a traditional form of instruction used to teach Balinese Gamelan that literally means the teacher is the mallet. This peda- gogy is presented as a semiotic apprenticeship where students become active participants by not only learning the music, but by also contributing their knowledge about it during negotiated classroom

15. Cognitive Anthropology: Distributed cognition and gesture 1. Introduction 2. Distributed cognition 3. Using the body to coordinate elements in a functional system 4. The affordances of gesture as a representational medium 5. Using hands to create and coordinate representational states 6. Using hands to propagate functional systems across generations 7. Conclusion 8. References Abstract All human cognition is distributed. It is, of course, distributed across networks of neurons in different areas of the brain, but also frequently across internal and external

sciences, that of distributed cognition. Much of the cognitive activity of scientists, I will argue, involves the operation of distributed cognitive sys- tems, most of which incorporate the sorts of instruments and models I have characterized as perspectival. Distributed Cognition The idea of distributed processing has long been a staple in computer science. Distributed cognition is an extension of the basic idea of distributed process- CHAPTER FIVE PERSPECTIVAL KNOWLEDGE AND DISTRIBUTED COGNITION ing. How radical an extension is a contentious issue I will consider later

Chapter 4 Culture as distributed cognition Unpacking the idea of “Culture as Distributed Cognition”, is perhaps a good place to begin. What does it mean and why is it important? This approach provides a useful way of thinking about decentralization in the context of complex human institutions – and thus to our understanding of the very na- ture and function of culture itself. 1. Representations – collective and individual In this book the term “representations” will appear as both “individual rep- resentations” and “collective representations” and so a brief

REFERENCES Baber, C. (2003). Cognition and tool use: Forms of engagement in animal and human tool use. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. Baber, C. (2006). Cognitive aspects of tool use. Applied Ergonomics , 37 , 3–15. Baber, C., Cengiz, T. G., & Parekh, M. (2014). Tool use as distributed cognition: How tools help, hinder and define manual skill. Frontiers in Psychology , 5 , Article 116, 1–14. Baber, C., Cengiz, T. G., Starke, S., & Parekh, M., (2015a). Objective classification of performance in the use of a piercing saw in jewellery making. Applied Ergonomics

Analyzing the Role of Communications Technology in C4i Scenarios: A Distributed Cognition Approach Guy H. Walker,1 Neville A. Stanton,1 Huw Gibson,2 Chris Baber,2 Mark S. Young,1 and Damian Green1 1 Human Factors Integration Defence Technology Centre (HFIDTC), Brunei University, School of Engineering and Design, Oxbridge, UB8 3PH, UK; 2 University of Birmingham, School of Electronic, Electrical and Computing Engineering, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK ABSTRACT Command, Control, Communications, Computers, and Intelligence (C4i) is defined as the

Chapter 11 Distributed cognition and play in the quest for the double helix L. David Ritchie 1. Introduction I have never seen Francis Crick in a modest mood . Perhaps in other company he is that way, but I have never had reason so to judge him . It has nothing to do with his present fame . Already he is much talked about, usually with reverence, and some- day he may be considered in the category of Rutherford or Bohr . But this was not true when, in the fall of 1951, I came to the Cavendish Laboratory of Cambridge University to join a small group of