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Jahrbücher f. Nationalökonomie u. Statistik (Lucius & Lucius, Stuttgart 2015) Bd. (Vol.) 235/6 StayingWithin or Leaving the Apprenticeship System? Revisions of Educational Choices in Apprenticeship Training Donata Bessey∗ Yonsei University, EastAsia International College Uschi Backes-Gellner University of Zurich, Department of Business Administration and Swiss Leading House on Economics of Education Firm Behavior and Training Policies JEL I21; J24 Apprenticeship training; human capital; dropouts. Received: 22.11.2013 Revision received: 31.05.2014 Accepted: 24

2 The Enduring Controversy over Educational Choice Considerably more verbiage has been expended than action taken concerning private school choice in American. Modern discussions of education vouchers date to 1955 when Milton Friedman first suggested them as a way to reduce the inefficiencies and monopolistic character of public schools (Friedman, 1955). Until 1996, however, the MPCP was the only example of a voucher program or any other kind of program that provided substantial public monies to private primary and second- ary schools. One other program in

6 Physical Disabilities and Post-secondary Educational Choices Robert A. Shakotko and Michael Grossman There is a well-documented positive correlation between good health, measured in a number of different ways, and high levels of formal education (see, for example, Grossman 1976). Furthermore, it is gener- ally agreed that three potential structural relations could generate this this positive correlation. In the first case, poor early life cycle health may hamper an individual’s education, leading to the subsequent observation that individuals in poor

47 3 Pre-Migration EducationalChoices’: Interrupted Education in Context Introduction Were one to look merely at the statistics on dropouts, all of the young people we meet in this book would look more or less the same, as not one has completed high school. Yet Ramón and Altagracia’s experiences alone could not be more different. Ramón left Mexico by himself as a young teen, with no papers, initially to work in the back room of a Brooklyn deli, a job that ‘was already waiting’, he told me, arranged by friends of friends in New York City. Altagracia, who

3 Educational Choice and the Milwaukee Voucher Program In recent years a number of articles and books have been written on educational choice (Wells, 1993; Henig, 1994; Cookson, 1994; Lieber- man, 1993; Witte and Rigdon, 1993; Clune and Witte, 1990). It is un- necessary to describe the programs treated in this literature in great detail because these previous works do a more than adequate job. What is more important is that the reader understand the progression of poli- cies in the context of public and private education in the United States. This chapter begins

✰ C H A P T E R N I N E ✰ Putting Educational Choice in Its Place A BRIGHT LIGHT can blind, and so can an immodest promise. Out of zeal- ous self-certainty or in a calculated effort to appeal, advocates of market solutions have exaggerated the power of school choice to solve the problems of education. Choice, say Chubb and Moe, should be thought of as a pana- cea. It is “a self-contained reform,” they suggest, with “the capacity all by itself to bring about the kind of transformation that, for years, reformers have been seeking to engineer in myriad other ways.”1

Seven Educational Choice and Pillarization: Some Lessons for Americans from the Dutch Experiment in “Affirmative Impartiality” R I C H A R D J . M O U W OUR PRESENT DEBATES about educational choice in the United States are characterized by a variety of arguments for and against the encour- agement of educational pluralism. Some of the considerations pre- sented on both sides are superficial ones, as when a voucher plan is defended by broadsides against a public educational system that is bent on brainwashing children into secular or “occult” thoughts and


In the conditions of development of modern Ukrainian society the questions related to educational space are extraordinarily actual. It is education that gives an opportunity for development and progress of personality and the quality of education in modern terms determines the competitiveness of university and national system of education on the whole. Mirroring the European experience of quality management of education a sociological estimation and examination of functioning of University teaching has gained importance with the aim of preventing off-grade services and general verification of accordance of educational services to the demand of consumers, state and society. Coming from it, it is becoming urgent to develop methodologies and measures to make complex sociological estimation of activity of university with the aim of upgrading educational services.

in grade 9, while tenth grade students were unaffected. This provides a natural experiment for analyzing the impact on schooling achievements and educational choice. We find negative effects on grades in mathematics, but no effects in German literature. More- over, a significant share of females were found to delay university enrollment. JEL classification: I21, J18, C21. Keywords: Student performance; schooling quality; educational choice; learning intensity; natural experiment. 1. INTRODUCTION With the intention of enabling the earlier labor market participation

by changing the prices of education because of the equilibrium effects of changes in the supply of labour on wages. In order to disentangle the composition and the price effects, I develop a model in which the supply of workers with basic, intermediate and higher education reacts endogenously to changes in labour demand and market wages depend on education prices, individuals’ age and ability. The setting is an incomplete market, dynamic model of savings and educational choices where the interest rate is taken as given and the production function allows for