Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 27,528 items :

Clear All

Introduction In 1962, Clark and Lyons [1] developed the first glucose enzyme electrode that relied on a thin layer of glucose oxidase (GO) on an oxygen electrode with the sensor working by measuring the amount of oxygen the enzyme consumed. The first glucose meters were developed and marketed for self-monitoring of blood glucose for outpatients with diabetes. Glucose meters play an important role in the management and control of diabetes, particularly for those individuals requiring insulin. Over the years, meter usage has evolved to be used by individuals

and average glucose (AG) levels [10–13], these studies had limitations such as infrequent measurements of capillary glucose levels and small, homogeneous patient populations. Therefore, Nathan et al. conducted the International HbA 1c -Derived Average Glucose (ADAG) Trial that included patients with type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and no diabetes. The results of this trial demonstrated a linear relationship between HbA 1c and AG levels, allowing the estimated average glucose (eAG) level to be calculated from the HbA 1c level [14]. This relationship between HbA 1

ESTIMATION OF GLUCOSE METABOLISM PATHWAYS 9 Estimation of Pathways of Glucose Metabolism Employing I14C] Glucose L a d is l a v K ü m m e l Laboratory for Endocrinology and Metabolism, Charles University, Faculty of Medicine 12821 Praha 2., U nemocnice 1, Czechoslovakia (Z. Naturforsch. 28c, 9—13 [1973]; received September 22/November 1. 1972) Pentose cycle, glycolysis, [14C] glucose, estimation A method of quantitative estimation of the contribution of the pentose cycle and the E m b d e n - M e y e r h o f pathway to erythrocyte carbohydrate metabolism

Introduction The measurement of glucose represents a cornerstone in the diagnosis of carbohydrate metabolism disorders and in the care of all people with diabetes ( 1 ). Point of Care (POC) glucose meters (from this point onwards, referred to only as glucose meters) are commonly used to quickly obtain glucose determinations at hospital and home. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends their use for self-monitoring at home or in clinical settings ( 2 ). Glucose meters are easy to use and cost-effective and have also become the method of choice in many

cohort study. Diabetes 2012; 61: 708–15. 8. Almeras C, Argiles A. The general picture of uremia. Semin Dial 2009; 22: 329–33. 9. Mayer T, Hostetter T. Approaches to Uremia. J Am Soc Nephrol 2014; 25: 2151–8. 10. Zepeda-Orozco D, Quigley R. Dialysis disequilibrium syndrome. Pediatr Nephrol 2012 27(12): 2205–11. 11. Rodrigo F, Shideman J, McHugh R, Buselmeier T, Kjellstrand C. Osmolality changes during hemodialysis. Natural history, clinical correlations, and influence of dialysate glucose and intravenous mannitol. Ann Intern Med. 1977; 86: 554–61. 12. Gosmanov AR

References 1. Diamanti-Kandarakis E, Zapanti E, Peridis MH, Ntavos P, Mastorakos G. Insulin resistance in pheochromocytoma improves more by surgical rather than by medical treatment. Hormones (Athens) 2: 61-66, 2003. 2. Turnbull DM, Johnston DG, Alberti KGMM, Hall R . Hormonal and metabolic studies in a patient with pheochromocytoma. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 51: 930-933, 1980. 3. Stenström G, Sjöström L, Smith U . Diabetes mellitus in pheochromocytoma: fasting blood glucose levels before and after surgery in 60 patients with pheochromocytoma. Acta Endocrinol

Notizen 405 Synthese von D-Forosamin aus D-Glucose Synthesis of D-Forosamine from D-Glucose Wolfgang Voelter*, Abdul Malik und Nighat Afza Abteilung für Physikalische Biochem ie des Physiologisch-chemischen Instituts der Universität, Hoppe-Seyler-Straße 1, D-7400 Tübingen Prof. Dr. Dr. h. c. Erich W ünsch zu m 60. Geburtstag gew idm et Z. Naturforsch. 39b, 405—406 (1984); eingegangen am 23. August 1983 D-Forosam ine, D -G lucose, Synthesis A convenient synthesis o f the naturally occurring deoxyam ino sugar forosam ine from glucose as start­ ing material