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Journal , 10(2), pp.146-156. Nonaka, I. and Takeuchi, H., 1996. A theory of organisational knowledge creation. International Journal of Technology Management , 11(7/8), pp.833-846. Nystedt, L., Sjöberg, A. and Hägglund, G., 1999. Discriminant validation of measures of organizational commitment, job involvement, and job satisfaction among Swedish army officers. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology , 40(1), pp.49-55. Pun, K.F. and Nathai-Balkissoon, M., 2011. Integrating knowledge management into organisational learning. The Learning Organization , 18(3), pp.203


In organizations, the knowledge creation remained an exclusive attribute of humans until the emergence of artificial intelligence. The role of information systems in organizations expanded continuously, including recording, organizing, processing, storage, dissemination and making available the information, until the revolutionary emergence of artificial intelligence. The role of knowledge creation is no longer exclusive to humans. Artificial intelligence becomes a partner entity of employees in knowledge creation processes in organizations. This article investigates how artificial intelligence can be incorporated in knowledge creation processes. Starting from the study of scientific literature, this article presents concepts and taxonomies associated with the use of artificial intelligence in the processes of knowledge creation in organizations. The study is a first step in a larger research, which aims to identify the main consequences, on employees and organizations, of the incorporation of artificial intelligence in the processes of knowledge creation.

References Brown, John Seely, and Paul Duguid. “Organizing Knowledge.” In California Management Review, 40/3, 1998, pp. 90-111 Chao, Georgia T., et al. “Organizational Socialization: Its Content and Consequences.” In Journal of Applied Psychology, 79/5, 1994, pp. 730-743 Chia, Robert. “From Knowledge-creation to the Perfecting of Action: Tao, Basho and Pure Experience as the Ultimate Ground of Knowing.” In Human Relations, 56/8, 2003, pp. 953-981 Cohen, Wesley M., and Daniel A. Levinthal. “Absorptive Capacity: A New Perspective on Learning and Innovation.” In

1 Introduction The concept of co-presence is a cornerstone of how economic geographers conceptualize the geographies of knowledge creation, innovation and creativity. From an interactive notion of learning and innovation, the core assumption has been that face-to-face interaction between participants is indispensable for any collective effort of knowledge creation ( Storper/Venables 2004 ; Rutten 2017 ). Economic geography embraced the topic of interactive knowledge creation enthusiastically not least because it provides yet another set of theoretical ideas to

161 3 The Effects of the Foreign Fulbright Program on Knowledge Creation in Science and Engineering Shulamit Kahn and Megan MacGarvie 3.1 Introduction The science and engineering workforce is becoming increasingly global. The share of science and engineering (S&E) doctoral degrees produced out- side the United States has grown in recent years (National Science Founda- tion [NSF] Science and Engineering Indicators 2010), and some countries have increased their efforts to attract star scientists.1 International migration of the highly skilled has become a

Knowledge Creation and SoCial networKS in Corporate entrepre- neurShip: the renewal of organizational Capability < 161 Steven w. floyd bill wooldridge < This paper extends current theory by analyzing the knowledge dynamics and social structure of the internal selection- retention environment. On the knowledge side, our view is that entrepreneurial ideas are subjected progressively to subjectivist, empiricist, and pragmatic criteria in the process of knowledge creation. This argument helps to explain how individual knowledge enters an

CHAPTER 12 Global Cities, Local Knowledge Creation: Mapping a New Policy Terrain on the Relationship between Universities and Cities Patricia L. McCarney Cities worldwide are undergoing tremendous transformation because of globalization and rapidly increased rates of urbanization. On this global economic grid, global cities serve as strategic sites both for propelling their nation’s international competitiveness, and by virtue of the func- tions they perform, for driving globalization itself. Numerous attempts have been made to define and rank global cities


The paper examines the effects of intra- and inter-regional knowledge spillovers on innovative activities in German states using the augmented Griliches-Jaffe knowledge production function. The “Harris market potential” type index is calculated to proxy for inter-regional knowledge transfers of two types: industrial knowledge transfers generated from the business enterprise sector and academic spillovers generated from universities across all German states. The model also includes the concentration of high-tech enterprises, in order to capture the agglomeration effect in the local economy. The estimation results reveal that not only do local private and university research efforts have a positive and significant effect on local innovative activities, but there are also important interregional knowledge spillovers across the German regions.

1 Introduction In these times of increasing globalisation and digitalisation, new challenges arise for knowledge-based activities and their spatial embeddedness. Two main strands of research can be identified in this context. The first strand deals with social processes, focusing on actors, their networks, and processes dealing with knowledge creation and knowledge exchange in the respective networks ( Bathelt/Malmberg/Maskell 2004 ; Asheim/Coenen/Vang 2007 ; Cohendet/Grandadam/Simon et al. 2014 ; Grabher/Ibert 2017 ; Spigel 2017 ). The second strand deals

supply a framework for conceptual analysis and modeling of knowledge creation processes. As a result, we actually should focus, not only in knowledge management, on the communi- cation processes when creating knowledge. Leibniz shows the fundamental problem of decomposing knowledge in externalization processes, which is only possible by the use of symbols, needing clear explanations through symbols again. Therefore, organization should be concerned with the cre- ation of shared representations and meaning systems with respect to di¤er- ent levels of explicitly as