known only through proper exegesis by explaining it in knowledge terms and
by maintaining that the properly trained intermediary was absolutely neces-
sary to understanding.
Sha‘rawi used concepts of knowledge very practically. By molding his
discourse to the capabilities of his audience, his sermons navigated be-
tween divinely revealed texts and his assumptions about adherents and
110 . chapter 5
their expectations. For example, Sha‘rawi used the meta phor of a washing
machine to describe his idea that, in
Leibniz showed us.
Keywords: cognitio symbolica; cognition; knowledge management;
knowledge creation; knowledge communication; knowledgehierarchy.
Semiotica 158–1/4 (2006), 439–456 0037–1998/06/0158–0439
6 Walter de Gruyter
In the new economy, conversations are the
most important form of work. Conversations
are the way knowledge workers discover
what they know, share it with their colleagues,
and in the process create new knowledge for
— Webber (1993: 28)
For several years now, knowledge management seems to have promised a
’ position and standing influenced what knowledge
they put into circulation and what knowledge they suppressed. A knowledgehierarchy
meant that some actors were powerful enough to influence the discourse on toxicity,
established in those years.
29 Anne Jorunn Frøyen
HoST - Journal of History of Science and Technology 13, no. 1 (June 2019): 28-50
Farmers use pesticides to eliminate species posing a threat to crops. The honeybees were
amongst the first to warn of the fatal and often unexpected consequences of these substances.
). Statistics on children in South Africa. Retrieved 7 March 2017, from Children’s Institute http://www.childrencount.org.za Cross, M. (2015). Knowledgehierarchies and the politics of educational policy in South Africa. Education as Change, 19 (2), 37-57. Department of Basic Education. (2015a). The South African national curriculum framework for children from birth to four: Comprehensive version. Pretoria: Department of Basic Education. Retrieved February 16, 2017 from Department of Basic Education website http
The aim of the study is to illuminate a teacher‘s conceptions of quality expressed through verbal and non-verbal actions in relation to summative assessments of dance knowledge. The following research questions are considered in the study: What conceptions of quality emerge during grade conferences? In what ways do teacher’s conceptions of quality reflect knowledge hierarchies? How do the teacher’s and student’s conceptions of quality relate to each other? To grasp the phenomenon, material was gathered during observations in a Swedish upper secondary school and from the teacher’s written reflections. Individual grading conversations were observed between the teacher and ten students attending a course called Dance technique 1. In the analytical process, the phenomenon was seen, broadened out, varied, and then condensed into two themes: conceptions of quality expressed through the teacher‘s focus on abilities and conceptions of quality expressed through views on the progression of dance knowledge.
Both the photograph and digitization are often defined as democratizing forces. But neither exists outside the system of power dynamics that structure art, history, and cultural heritage. This article uses postmodernist theorization of knowledge hierarchies in the archive developed by archival scholars Terry Cook and Joan Schwartz to examine the gendered nature of metadata and data connected to digitized photographic material available on the platforms of the three major Swedish memory institutions: the Royal Library, the Nordic Museum, and the National Archives. Given that digitized photographs require the addition of machine-readable data and metadata to be findable, this information demonstrates the extent to which digitization staffs have consciously thought about the visibility of gender in their online collections. The research questions of this article are thus twofold: (1) to what extend have Swedish memory institutions embraced a postmodern approach to the archive in their photography digitization projects, and (2) has this approach resulted in the greater visibility of women-oriented material? The findings indicate that Swedish institutions have adopted postmodernist thinking about archival flexibility to varying degrees, but none have thought thoroughly about increasing the visibility of woman-oriented material.
For countries of contemporary world which are functional in the global economy, more and more a vision of carrying existing economic assumptions on based on assumptions associated with current functioning is becoming fleeting. Accessing the sustainable development to the route by creating more flexible organizational structures to market hesitations, in the support can turn out to be getting out of such an impasse for many enterprises about high special human capital. Enterprises should aspire to the economy based on the knowledge. Hierarchical organizations about the slender structure are being replaced by sentence structures based on teams of project. This phenomenon is increasing meaning of the specific group of employees which are becoming knowledge workers and in building the competitive position enterprises are acting the greater role. He appears needs for the change of behaviours of employers in the attitude to employees, since depends on them more and more - their knowledge is valuable capital for the company. We must create such conditions for them can share the knowledge for them and all the time form it for the good of the company.
Note on Transliterations and Translations xi
Muhammad Mitwalli Sha‘rawi: Authority and Media in
Twentieth- Century Egypt 1
1. Muhammad Mitwalli Sha‘rawi
An Egyptian ‘Alim Preacher of His Time 20
2. Muhammad Mitwalli Sha‘rawi and Egyptian Society 41
3. Preaching as a Nexus of ‘Ulama’ Infl uence 64
4. Renewal as a Nexus of ‘Ulama’ Discursive Authority 86
5. Sha‘rawi’s KnowledgeHierarchy 109
6. Sha‘rawi and Sufi sm in Egypt 132
7. Relevance through Language Use 156
8. Television and the Extension of Authority
Knowledge Assets: The Role of Firm Structure and Industrial Context // Long Range Planning. Vol. 33, No. 1, pp. 35–54. 41. Tsoukas, H. (2005a). Complex Knowledge: Studies in Organizational Epistemology. – Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press. 42. Tsoukas, H. (2005b). Do We Really Understand Tacit Knowledge? / In Managing Knowledge: An Essential Reader, ed. R. T. Little Stephen. Vol. 107. – London, Thousand Oaks, New Delhi: Sage Publications India Pvt Ltd. 43. Tuomi, I. (1999). Data Is More Than Knowledge: Implications of the Reversed KnowledgeHierarchy for Knowledge Management and