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The Age Factor

Prototype constructions in early language acquisition PAUL IBBOTSON AND MICHAEL TOMASELLO* University of Manchester MPI for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig Abstract In this paper we bring together several lines of cross-linguistic research to demonstrate the role of prototypicality in young children’s acquisition of the transitive construction. Much research has shown that young children are slow to form abstract constructions because they fail to see the more general applicability of syntactic markers such as word order and case marking. Here we attempt to

. 2009 with language acquisition, and much recent literature generated by these references). The goal is to find out how far one can go through a unified approach to these empirical areas. 2 Constraints on extraction from weak islands In languages like English, extraction of a wh-element from an indirect question gives rise to a strongly degraded sentence, compared to extraction from a declarative: (1) What do you think John bought __? (2) * What do you wonder who bought __? A traditional intervention approach to this contrast appeals to RM, a principle barring local

DOI 10.1515/applirev-2012-0010   Applied Linguistics Review 2012; 3(2): 211 – 232 Dwight Atkinson Cognitivism, adaptive intelligence, and second language acquisition Abstract: There is no doubt that the “cognitive revolution,” in tandem with a f ocus on second language teaching, gave birth to the organized study of second language acquisition (SLA). In this sense, SLA studies has always been a cog­ nitive science, although calls have recently been made to reemphasize and strengthen the connection. This paper: 1) reviews the cognitivist vision of mind/ brain

. 2005. Interpreting age effects in scond language acquisition. In K roll, J udith F. & de G root, Annette M. B. (eds.), Handbook of bilingualism. Psycholinguistic approaches, 109-127. O xford: O xford University P ress. Cook, Vivian. 1999. G oing beyond the native speaker in language teaching. TESOL Quarterly 33(2). 185-209. Cook, Vivian. 2010. T he relationship between first and second language learning revisited. In Macaro, E . (ed.), The continuum companion to second language acquisition, 137-157. L ondon: Continuum. Cruz-Ferreira, Madalena. 2010. Multilingualism

Principles, Procedures, and Practices