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https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110481129-003 Michael G. Elasmar 3 Media Effects Abstract: Researchers have long been interested in measuring, describing, and pre- dicting the motivations for consuming media content and the potential effects that result from individuals’ exposure to mediated communication messages. With the new generation of media effects scholars in mind, this chapter first presents the reader with a chronological list of seven classical media effects theoretical frameworks. This is followed by a contextual background and summary of the main

more quantitative studies of recent decades actually added any new knowledge to this endless debate? Part of the problem has been that the issue of media effects is too often posed in “either/or” terms. Statistical correlations between exposure to films classified as violent by experimenters in a laboratory setting and subsequent behavior deemed aggressive by the experimenters are said to prove that all or a great percentage of children imitate what they see in the media. Cathar- sis—the therapeutic or “drive reduction” effect of entertainment—has sup- posedly been

Amy B. Becker and Dietram A. Scheufele 31 Media effects on political behavior Abstract: This chapter reviews research on media effects on political behavior. It looks both at traditional activities of political participation and non-traditional activities like opinion expression. The chapter discusses several models (e.g., SES, Civic Voluntarism Model, and O-S-O-R models) in order to locate the impact of media exposure and selected mediating variables (e.g., political talk, trust, effi- cacy) on political behavior. Furthermore, it reflects on connections between

3.1 Media Effects Research 2002: State of the Art Michael Schenk Over the course of time and tradition, media effects research has developed into a complex field of research which is marked by an enormous amount of empirical research. The field can hardly be laid out in its entirety. The fol- lowing chapter provides an overview of the evolution of media effects re- search, and the scientific problems, methods, and fundamental concepts involved. It also takes a look at the cognitive effects which have recently gained importance in media effects research

Radiochim. Acta 91, 665–672 (2003)  by Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, München Dimerization of Np(V) and media effects in concentrated solutions By A. C. Gregoire-Kappenstein1 , Ph. Moisy1,∗, G. Cote2 and P. Blanc1 1 Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique (CEA-Valrhô), DRCP/SCPS BP 17171, F-30207 Bagnols-sur-Cèze Cedex, France 2 ENSCP Laboratoire d’Électrochimie et de Chimie Analytique (UMR CNRS-ENSCP 7575) 11 rue P. et M. Curie, F-75231 Paris Cedex 05, France (Received November 15, 2002; accepted in revised form February 13, 2003) Np(V) dimerization / Neptunium

Redefining the situation: Extending dramaturgy into a theory of social change and media effects Joshua Meyrowitz Erving Goffman's examinations of social behavior are developed with a wealth of minute detail, textured description, and insightful analysis. They excite - and they ring true. Yet although Goffman's work is widely appreciated and widely assigned in undergraduate and graduate courses, there have been surprisingly few extended adaptations or applications of his principles. The reason for this, perhaps, is that in presenting a rich source of behavioral

which are genuinely embedded in economics and communication science. Such a perspective shows that appealing to the self-regulating forces of the market is nonsensical in a sector where market failure is the rule as opposed to the exception. And when it comes to media competence of television viewers, audience research and research on media effects indicates that expectations with respect to the advertising effectiveness of product place- ment are unlikely to be met. Keywords: market, media competence, media effects, embedded advertis- ing, audiovisual media services

exposed to priva- tized contents. Moreover, effects of privatized stimuli are mediated by trust in journalistic assessment, indicating a spiral of mistrust towards public institu- tions. Keywords: personalization, privatization, political trust, media effects experi- ment 1 Introduction In (representative) democracies citizens confer their power to govern to politi- cians. They do so trusting that their elected representatives will use this power not only to their own benefit, but that they will keep voters’ interests in mind. Miller and Listhaug (1990, p. 358) offer

conclusion that studies on framing effects are insufficiently concerned with the more recent psychological constructs and theories. In merely focusing on the activation of schemata, most studies ignore the more elaborate types of framing-effects. Therefore, several empirical questions remain unanswered and some methodical chances seem to be wasted. Keywords: frame, framing, schema, cognition, media effects Introduction The concept of framing is considered to be one of the most prominent features within the field of communication science; the same applies to the concept of

. Interpersonal communication. In W. Donsbach (Ed.), The international encyclopedia of communication (pp. 2473–2485). Malden, MA: Blackwell. Bortz, J., & Schuster, C. 2010. Statistik für Human- und Sozialwissenschaftler [Statistics for humanities and social sciences] (7th completely revised and extended ed.). Berlin: Springer. Bourgeois, P., & Hess, U. 2008. The impact of social context on mimicry. Biological Psychology, 77, 343–352. Bryant, J., & Miron, D. 2002. Entertainment as media effect. In J. Bryant & D. Zillmann (Eds.), Media effects. Advances in theory and research (2