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Ontology, Agency, and Politics

96 e i g h t The New Materialism If at the foundation of all there lay only a wildly seething power which writhing with obscure passions . . . what then would life be but despair? — søren kierkegaard, Fear and Trembling [From] a properly cosmic viewpoint, our entire planet (together with its flows) would itself be a mere provisional hardening in the vast flows of plasma which permeate the universe. — manuel delanda, The Geology of Morals Posthumanism throws up deep questions about agency and responsibility at a point in human and terrestrial history at

Diana Coole & Samantha Frost Introducing the New Materialisms As human beings we inhabit an ineluctably material world. We live our everyday lives surrounded by, im- mersed in, matter. We are ourselves composed of matter. We experience its restlessness and intransigence even as we reconfigure and consume it. At every turn we encoun- ter physical objects fashioned by human design and en- dure natural forces whose imperatives structure our daily routines for survival. Our existence depends from one moment to the next on myriad micro-organisms and di- verse higher

5 New Materialism Heather I. Sullivan 5.1 Einführung: Material Ecocriticism Als eine umweltbezogene, literarische Perspektive hat sich der Ecocriticism zu- nächst für die ‚Natur‘ und die menschliche Kultur als Teil der Natur interessiert. Doch der Naturbegriff hat sich in den letzten Jahrhunderten mehrfach geän- dert, nicht nur nach der Industriellen Revolution, sondern erst recht seit dem begonnenen Klimawandel und der von Elizabeth Kolbert (2014) beschriebenen ‚sechsten Welle des Aussterbens‘ auf der Erde. Um einem Verständnis der ‚Natur‘ in der heutigen

New Materialism und Allgemeine Systemtheorie Eine kritische Parallellektüre Cornelia Schadler einLeitung Seit ungefähr einem Jahrzehnt wird in den poststrukturalistischen Theorien ein neuer Materialismus eingefordert (vgl. Tuin/Dolphijn 2010; Dolphijn/Tuin 2012). Karen Barad monierte 2003 »Language has been granted too much power« (2003: 801) und Rosi Braidotti (2002) begann in ihrem Werk Metamorphoses, von Neomaterialis- mus oder New Materialism zu sprechen um ihre Interpretation eines deleuzianischen Feminismus von stärker sprachorientierten

. North American Studies. Frankfurt: Campus, 2014. Tischleder, Babette B.. Thinking Objects, Building Worlds. “Why the New Materialisms Deserve Literary Imagination.” Projecting American Studies: Essays on Theory, Method, and Practice . Heidelberg: Winter, 2018. 225-39. Tischleder, Babette B., and Sarah Wasserman. Cultures of Obsolescence: History, Materiality, and the Digital Age . Palgrave, 2015.

25 2 New Materialism and Language Learning The way we think about matter and the images we use to do so have far-reaching implications for the way we think about ourselves as human as well as for the way we treat nature and other embodied selves Coole, 2010: 112 Sociocultural psychologist Wertsch lamented in 1991 that psychology and the other human sciences seemed unable to do anything consequential about the myriad inequalities and confl icts facing contemporary societies. Actor-network theorist Latour (2004: 225) was of the same opinion about the social

DCS | Digital Culture and Society | Vol. 1, Issue 1 | © transcript 2015 DOI 10.14361/dcs-2015-0113 A Geology of Media and a New Materialism Jussi Parikka in Conversation with Annika Richterich “The design culture of the new hides the archaic materials of the planet.” (Parikka 2015: 137) Jussi Parikka’s research focuses on interrelations between technological culture, ecology and media aesthetics. He has published widely on media archaeology and material media cultures. In 2015, he published A Geology of Media which explores media studies as study of

Among the promising developments for reassessing the traditional humanist subject are the new materialisms. Their diversity notwith- standing, the theoretical frameworks proceeding under this banner generally argue for a similar set of propositions. Chief among these is decentering the human subject, along with the characteristics that have long been identified with human exceptionalism, including lan- guage, rationality, and higher consciousness. Also prominent is the idea that matter, rather than being passive and inert, is “lively” and “vibrant” (Bennett

Materialität der Sinne. Simmel und der ‚New Materialism‘ URS STÄHELI „Nie werde ich den eigentümlichen Duft vergessen, der einen beim Eintritt in Simmels Haus empfing: ein Gemisch vom Geruch auserlesener Äpfel und sehr feiner Zigaretten“1 Könnte man sich eine Soziologie ohne Sinne vorstellen? Folgte man einem klassi- schen Verständnis der Soziologie als Vernunftwissenschaft, würde die Antwort nicht schwer fallen. Epistemologisch gesehen trüben die Sinne die soziologische Urteilskraft durch ihre Unmittelbarkeit. Auch als soziologischer