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Forum for Health Economics & Policy Volume 11, Issue 2 2008 Article 10 (HEALTH ECONOMICS) Explanations for Persistent Nursing Shortages Mark C. Long∗ Marsha G. Goldfarb† Robert S. Goldfarb‡ ∗University of Washington, †University of Maryland Baltimore County, ‡George Washington University, Explanations for Persistent Nursing Shortages∗ Mark C. Long, Marsha G. Goldfarb, and Robert S. Goldfarb Abstract This paper contributes to the economics literature on nursing market shortages by putting for- ward two new

support on entering the profession and intrinsic factors where more important, a homogenous approach to recruitment is possible. KEYWORDS: professional nurses, attraction strategies, public sector, private sector, nursing shortage Effective, efficient and sustainable health care delivery is inextricably linked to the availability of well trained health workers. Nurses, who comprise the largest group of health workers, are the key to a primary health care approach, and account for up to 80% of direct patient care (World Health Organisation, 2007). One of the major


The nurse educator shortage continues without an increase in the numbers of graduate prepared nurses. Studies identified challenges in recruitment of nursing graduate students. No studies explore the experiences of nurses during graduate education. The framework used was Bandura’s self-efficacy theory. The population for this study included 15 nurse educators with a master’s or doctoral degree currently teaching in an undergraduate or graduate program in a western Canadian city. In semi-structured interviews, participants shared their experiences. Two themes emerged from the data: i) the hurdles of learning and ii) being a graduate student. The purpose of this article is to report the findings of faculty members’ experiences as graduate students. Understanding these experiences will help graduate faculty understand how graduate students develop self-efficacy throughout their graduate programs. Moreover, findings of this study will help graduate students succeed in a graduate program. Finally, issues related to recruitment and retention are addressed.

rights by the author. International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship is Reflections on Undergraduate Nursing Education: A Look to the Future∗ Marilyn H. Oermann Abstract The nursing shortage combined with a shortage of faculty have created new challenges for schools of nursing particularly at the undergraduate level. At a time when schools are attempting to increase student enrollment, there are fewer faculty available for teaching those students. Faculty are increasingly faced with more responsibilities and demands placed on them to prepare students with

regards to other professions, which only fuels the nursing shortage. Polish nurses are also facing staffing issues. At times, the nurse-patient ratio is 28 to 1. These working conditions also discourage people from pursuing a career in nursing. Finally, male nurses are rare in Poland. The future of nursing in Poland will be dictated by the Polish government and university systems and their efforts to produce more graduate nurses who can thrive and practice in a more complex, evolving world and who receive competitive pay for their expertise. KEYWORDS: Nursing Education

they remained. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups on these variables. Re- sults of a t-test revealed that the GPA of the accelerated group was significantly higher than the traditional group. Future considerations include the impact that accelerated program development may have on both the current and projected nursing shortage. KEYWORDS: nursing education, nursing curriculum, accelerated programs, curriculum out- comes Accelerated educational programs in healthcare professions have existed for a long time. From the Nurse

describes an 11-month Accelerated Career Entry (ACE) Nursing Program’s innovative curriculum design, which has a heavy emphasis on technology, professional socialization, and the use of a standardized patient experience as a form of summative evaluation. In addition, challenges of this program are pre- sented. Since 2002, the ACE Program has graduated over 500 students with an average first-time NCLEX pass rate of 95-100%. Although the number of graduates from accelerated programs does not solve the severe nursing shortage, the contributions of these intelligent

International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship Volume 6, Issue 1 2009 Article 8 Gifted and Talented Students’ Career Aspirations and Influences: A Systematic Review of the Literature Kathleen Miller∗ Greta Cummings† ∗Grant MacEwan College, †University of Alberta, Gifted and Talented Students’ Career Aspirations and Influences: A Systematic Review of the Literature Kathleen Miller and Greta Cummings Abstract The nursing shortage of registered nurses in Canada is expected to worsen, making recruit- ment a concern for

publisher, bepress, which has been given certain exclusive rights by the author. International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship is A Tri-Level HIV-Prevention Educational Intervention∗ Emma J. Brown and Frances B. Smith Abstract Preventing HIV transmission is a major world health goal. The international nursing shortage and the cost of educational and healthcare require innovative approaches to meet this goal. The initiative described provided HIV education at three levels: to students in an R.N. to BSN pro- gram, lay health advisors (LHA’s), and participants in a

Medical-Surgical Nursing Courses: Effect on Grades∗ Robert Johnston, Joseph Hepworth, Melissa Goldsmith, and Cheryl Lacasse Abstract Advances in computer technology, such as the portable and affordable iPodTM , allow stu- dents to view lectures anywhere at any time. iPodsTM are of special interest for nurse educators who strive to meet demands posed by a critical nursing shortage. A mixed-methods pilot study was conducted to assess whether iPodTM could be an effective teaching tool for medical-surgical nurs- ing lectures. In a randomized study with 35 participants