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inhibitors to patients. Therefore, the search for new inhibi- tors as well as new inhibitor-rich food raw materi- als is a priority. Phenolic acids are secondary plant metabolites, which occur predominantly as glycosides or es- ters of organic acids or are bound to cell wall pol- ymers, with only a minority of these compounds present in the free form (Hermann, 1992). Less known phenolic acids are presented in Fig. 2. The in vivo neuroprotective role of phenolic acids in the CNS can be distinguished from the in vivo antioxidant activity exerted by these compounds

Screening of Various Phenolic Acids and Flavonoid Derivatives for their Anticholinesterase Potential Ilkay Orhana,*, Murat Kartalb, Fatma Tosuna, and Bilge Şenera a Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Gazi University, 06330 Ankara, Turkey. E-mail: iorhan@gazi.edu.tr b Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ankara University, 06100 Ankara, Turkey * Author for correspondence and reprint requests Z. Naturforsch. 62c, 829Ð832 (2007); received March 26/May 24, 2007 Alzheimer’s disease (AD), the most common form of dementia, is a

References 1. Stedman,R.L.: The chemical composition of tobacco and tobacco smoke; Chem. Rev. 68 (t968) t53-207. 2. Herrmann, K.: Die phenolischen Inhaltsstoffe des Tabaks; Dtsch. Apoth.-Ztg. tot (t96t) t481-1482. 3. Herrmann, K.: Ober die phenolischen Inhaltsstoffe des Tabaks und des Tabakrauches; Beitr. Tabakforsch. 2 (t964) 159-t79. 4. Andersen, R. A., and G. Moegling: Quantitative gas chromatographic assay for caffeic acid moieties in tobacco; Anal. Biochem. 27 (t969) 397-408. 5. Yang, C., and S. H. Wender: Free phenolic acids of cigarette smoke and tobacco

Notes 903 Inhibition of Pancreatic Lipase by Phenolic Acids - Examination in vitro Magdalena Karamać and Ryszard Amarowicz Division of Food Science, Institute of Animal Reproduction and Food Research of Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Tuwima 10, P. O. Box 55, 10-718 Olsztyn 5, Poland Z. Naturforsch. 51c, 903-905 (1996); received May 28/September 4, 1996 Phenolic Acids, Pancreatic Lipase, Inhibition The influence of addition 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 [j .m of ben­ zoic and cinnamic acids and selected phenolic acids (sali­ cylic, /^-hydroxybenzoic, gentisic

biosynthesis and Tri gene expression in Fusarium liquid cultures. In Mycological Research , vol. 113 , no. 6–7, pp. 746–753. DOI: 10.1016/j.mycres.2009.02.010 BOZ, H. 2015. Ferulic acid in cereals: A review. In Czech Journal of Food Sciences , vol. 33 , no. 1, pp. 1–7. DOI: 10.17221/401/2014-CJFS BRANDOLINI, A. – CASTOLDI, P. – PLIZZARI, L. – HIDALGO, A. 2013. Phenolic acids composition, total polyphenols content and antioxidant activity of Triticum monococcum , Triticum turgidum and Triticum aestivum : A two-years evaluation. In Journal of Cereal Science , vol

185 Pure Appl. Chem., Vol. 77, No. 1, pp. 185–193, 2005. DOI: 10.1351/pac200577010185 © 2005 IUPAC Synthesis of novel non-isoprenoid phenolic acids and 3-alkylpyridines* Subhash C. Jain‡, Rohtash Kumar, Rajeev Goswami, Mukesh K. Pandey, Shilpi Khurana, Leena Rohatgi, and Kapil Gyanda Department of Chemistry, University of Delhi, Delhi-110 007, India Abstract: A new strategy has been developed for the synthesis of naturally occurring 6-alkenyl phenolic acids and 3-alkylpyridine alkaloids of biological importance. This strat- egy makes use of the proper

. Quantification of phenolic acids in wheat and wheat-based products. Chapter 12, pp. 208–218. In: Yu L. (ed.), Wheat Antioxidants, John Wiley & Sons Inc, Hoboken, New Jersey. DOI: 10.1002/9780470228333.ch12 ISBN:9780470042595 http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470228333.ch12

. Helvet. Chim. Acta, 98, 273, 2015. 5. Ibrahim R.K., Towers G.H.: Identification by chromatography of plant phenolic acids. Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 87, 125, 1960. 6. Jo S.et al.: Anti-inflammatory effects of Sanguisorbae Radix on contact dermatitis induced by dinitrofluorobenzene in mice. Chin. J. Int. Med., in press (2015). 7. Krzaczek T.: Fenolokwasy w rożnych surowcach garbnikowych z rodziny Rosaceae. Farm. Pol., 40, 475, 1984. 8. Nguyen T.T.H. et al.: Neuroprotective effect of Sanguisorbae radix against oxidative stress-induced brain damage: In vitro and in vivo

Analysis of Phenolic Acids by High Performance Liquid Chromatography Using a Step-Wise Gradient Peter Proksch, Charles Wisdom, and Eloy Rodriguez Phytochemical Laboratory, Departm ent of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Irvine 92717, USA Z. Naturforsch. 36 c, 357-360 (1981); received December 29, 1980 High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), Phenolic Acids, Adenostoma fasciculatum, A. sparsifolium, Phyllospadix scouleri A high performance liquid chromatographic method for analyzing phenolic acids on reverse phase C-18 is

Rosmarinic Add and Other Phenolic Acids in Hairy Roots of Hyssopus officinalis Ewa Kochan3, H alina W ysokinskab, A leksander Chmiel3 and B arbara G rabiasb a L aboratory of Biosynthesis of Drugs, Medical University, Muszynskiego 1, 90-151 Lodz, Poland b D epartm ent of Biology and Pharm aceutical Botany, Medical University, Muszynskiego 1, 90-151 Lodz, Poland Z. N aturforsch. 54c, 11-16 (1999); received July 15/September 9, 1998 H yssopus officinalis, Agrobacterium rhizogenes, Transformed Roots, Phenolic Acids, Rosm arinic Acid H airy roots of H yssopus