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– which would allow to sort these relations by quality (represented by a probability distribution) – there can be no doubt that language as a whole is organized in a probabilistic way. As seen, probabilistic linguistics is based on biological plausibility and able to shed light on some of the main issues of linguistics (cf. e.g. Bod et al. 2003 ): How does both language production and perception work? Why is there language variation? And furthermore: Why and how does language change? Regarding language production and perception, it is now to assume that a checking of

number of stored form-meaning pairs. Keywords: computational linguistics; data-oriented parsing; U-DOP, LFG-DOP; probabilistic linguistics; language acquisition; language processing. ‘‘Constructions at Work’’ is an impressive piece of work which has al- ready become a landmark in linguistics. In my commentary I will not go into the wealth of linguistic insights presented by Adele Goldberg, nor will I question the basic assumptions of Construction Grammar (CxG). Instead, I will deal with only one question: to what extent are we o¤ered a model of language acquisition and

categorical and deterministic. In exactly this spirit, the book under review contains a number of papers presented at the symposium on Probability Theory in Linguistics, held as part of the 2001 Linguistic Society of America meeting in Wash- ington, D.C. The volume is intended as a handbook on probabilistic linguistics, and a handbook it is: those readers who will not be deterred by a book containing stochastic formulas, funny symbols, and sophisti- cated graphs galore will be rewarded by a convincing compromise be- tween breadth and depth and a rather comprehensive account

A Corpus Study at the Intersection of Variationist Sociolinguistics, Psycholinguistics, and Discourse Analysis

Contents Volume 2 (2006) Thomas Berg The internal structure of four-noun compounds in English and German . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197231 Rens Bod, Jennifer Hay, and Stefanie Jannedy (eds.), Probabilistic Linguistics. Reviewed by Benedikt Szmrecsanyi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7994 Philip Dilts and John Newman A note on quantifying “good” and “bad” prosodies . . . . . . 233242 Dagmar Divjak and Stefan Th. Gries Ways of trying in Russian: clustering behavioral profiles . . . 2360 Errata

References Abeillé A. (ed.). 2003. Treebank: Building and using parsed corpora . Dordrecht: Kluwer. Best, K.-H. 2006. Quantitative Linguistik: Eine Annaeherung . (3rd ed.) Göttingen: Peust & Gutschmidt. Bod, R., J. Hay and S. Jannedy (eds.). 2003. Probabilistic linguistics . Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Buch-Kromann, M. 2006. Discontinuous Grammar. A dependency-based model of human parsing and language acquisition. (Unpublished PhD dissertation, Copenhagen Business School.) Chen, K.-J. et al. 2003. "Sinica treebank: Design criteria, representational issues and

Linguistic Change. Social Factors . Blackwell, Oxford. Labov, William (2008) Quantitative Analysis of Linguistic Variation. In: Ammon, Ulrich; Dittmar, Norbert; Mattheier, Klaus & Trudgill, Peter (eds) Sociolinguistics/Soziolinguisik. Vol 1. de Gruyter, Berlin, 6–21. Manning, Christopher (2003) Probabilistic Syntax. In: Bod, Rens; Hay, Jennifer & Jannedy, Stefanie (Hrsg.) Probabilistic Linguistics , MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 289–341. Wulff, Stefanie & Gries, Stefan Th. (2011) Corpus-driven methods for assessing accuracy in learner production. In: Robinson, Peter (Hrsg

, Adriana & Luigi Rizzi (1988). Psych-Verbs and T-Theory. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 6: 291351. Featherston, Sam (2007). Data in Generative Grammar: The Stick and the Carrot. Theoreti- cal Linguistics 33: 269318. Manning, Christopher D. (2003). Probabilistic Syntax. In Probabilistic Linguistics, Rens Bod, Jennifer Hay & Stefanie Jannedy (Hgg.), 289341. Cambridge, Mass.: The MIT Press. Newmeyer, Frederick (2003). Grammar is Grammar and Usage is Usage. Language 79: 682707. Sapir, Edward (1921). Language: An Introduction to the Study of Speech. New York: Har

Grammar: The Stick and the Carrot. Theoreti- cal Linguistics 33: 269318. Manning, Christopher D. (2003). Probabilistic Syntax. In Probabilistic Linguistics, Rens Bod, Jennifer Hay & Stefanie Jannedy (eds.), 289341. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. Newmeyer, Frederick (2003). Grammar is Grammar and Usage is Usage. Language 79: 682707. Sapir, Edward (1921). Language: An Introduction to the Study of Speech. New York: Har- court Brace. Schütze, Carson T. (1996). The Empirical Base of Linguistics. Chicago: University of Chi- cago Press. Sorace, Antonella & Frank Keller (2005

. 156 Carson T. Schütze References Bresnan, Joan & Tatiana Nikitina (2003). On the gradience of the dative alternation. Ms., Stanford University. Manning, Christopher D. (2003). Probabilistic syntax. In Probabilistic Linguistics, Rens Bod, Jennifer Hay & Stefanie Jannedy (eds.), 289341. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Meurers, W. Detmar (2007). Advancing linguistics between the extremes: Some thoughts on Geoffrey R. Sampson’s “Grammar without grammaticality”. Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory 3: 4955. Penke, Martina & Anette Rosenbach (2004). What counts as evidence