Social scientists discussing the rapidly accelerating social change over the past few years
are increasingly making use of the term 'structure break'. Catchwords such as 'third' or
sometimes even 'fourth' industrial revolution are being circulated alongside neo-, mega-
or even hyperindustrialisation. Blueprints of broad scope (such as the 'Fordist/Post-
Fordist' concept) discuss the putative radical changes in structure in the central
regulatory mechanisms of politics and the economy; there is talk of the transition to
New ProductionConcepts and the
Restructuring of Work
Michael Schumann, Volker Baethge-Kinsky, Martin Kuhlmann,
Constanze Kurz, Uwe Neumann
(translated by Brian Barton)
1 Introduction — Structural Change in Industrial Work
2 The Point of Departure: Marking Out and Narrowing the Field of Study
3 Empirical Findings on Industrial Rationalisation and its Effects on Work
3.1 New Concepts of Rationalisation, New Work Patterns, and the Re-evaluation of
3.2 Extended Freedom of Action and Self-Monitoring
3.3 New Stress Factors, Old
Management Between "Old" and "New" ProductionConcepts and Its Dependence on Factors in the System of
Vocational Training and Employment
Recently, publications in very different disciplines which foresee "the end of the divi-
sion of labor" and "the end of mass production" have created a furor. In these publica-
tions a return to skilled industrial work based on integrated tasks is characterized as a
new alternative for management decisions.
The authors state that, due to two factors - the impact of microelectronics and altered
drift caused by aging of optical components or the varia-
tion of the system sensitivity due to the parameter spread-
ing of system components can be successfully overcome
as well. An algorithm for linearizing the system response
is described and optimized for a low-cost microcontroller.
Finally, a prototype of an assembly line, which is used for
producing this sensor system, is described and its basic
funcionallity is demonstrated.
Keywords: Low-cost distance sensor, optical reflection,
compensation of spurious effects, response linearization,
The article presents the concept of seru production and a simple simulation experiment to check the application effectiveness of the seru production concept in the assembly line of finished products. The article presents the concept of seru production created by Japanese electronics manufacturing companies in the 90s. The simulation experiment showed, better results using the seru production concept compared to a traditional assembly line. Three types of production cells were used and each option turned out to be better than a traditional assembly line.
Functionality and appearance are key aspects of good footwear. Developments in recent science and technology offer a wider scope of innovations, contributing to diversity and higher complexity of the production concept of footwear. Contemporary industrial footwear market offers a practically limitless number of new design and fashion solutions, often of quite similar appearance, but with significant differences in quality level, both regarding manufacture, raw material content, durability, and in some special functional finishes. The materials for footwear manufacture are functionalized for functional protective purposes, such as antimicrobial, waterproofing, fire resistant, wear and tear resistant, and recently for some therapeutical purposes. Novelties in material functionalization for the materials built in the footwear are most often promoted and presented on tags and labels and are used as advertisement issues, while some functionalities have become a logo for some brands.
Foreign Investment. Massachusetts: Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Ietto-Gillies, G. (1992). International production: Trends, theories, effects . Wiley-Blackwell. Ietto-Gillies, G. (2005). Transnational corporation and international production. Concepts, Theories and Effects. E. Elgar, Cheltenham Google Scholar . Ietto-Gillies, G. (2014). The theory of the transnational corporation at 50+. Economic Thought , 3 (2), 38–57. Kicsi, R. (2013). Protecționism şi liberschimbism. Retorică şi realitate. Iaşi: Sedcom Libris. Kotler, P. & Caslione, J. (2009
technical infrastructure and core competencies for developing and demonstrating new productionconcepts. One concept is the realization of container based modular production units, currently developed within the European Union sponsored F 3 Factory research project. This €30 million multi partner project aims to develop faster and more flexible manufacturing processes for the chemical industry. 5 The benefits Flonamic is a one stop shop for flow chemistry, from the assessment of the first idea, to a container based modular production-scale plant Process development is
and robust design (pressure). Because of the high level of con-
fi nement, the design is inherently safer. This paves the road
to the intensifi ed mini-plant concept, for which the following
drastic process intensifi cations were observed: lower reac-
tor investment, less manpower, higher fl exibility, enhanced
safety and faster change-over. This triggers the notion of new
productionconcepts with the design of the “ factory of tomor-
row ” . Currently, microreactors are restricted in use to the
reaction part, to ensure high reaction yields and
legislation and if the bargaining power of the employees is low.
Carsten Bey se, Gerd Moll
Single production in East Germany - a promising
productionconcept with no future?
Against the background of the ongoing process of de-industrialisation in East Germany, this
paper discusses the prerequisites and prospects of an alternative to mass-production: the small-
batch and customized production. With reference to an important part of the machinery
manufacturing industry it is stated, that there is a growing discrepancy between the qualifica-