translingual approach as it positions
writing and language as fluid rather than a static standardization, illustrat-
ing a benefit of language negotiation – ‘I realized different languages have
different ways of thinking’ – specifically, this points to how the encourage-
ment of language negotiation develops critical thinking skills.
What these three examples of student writing show us is that the act of
translation, while seemingly impersonal, is entangled with the personal
through close reading, socialpractice and linguistic choice. Students almost
, pp. –.
A Note on Method
. On the perils of readingsocialpractice
from didactic texts, see Jay Mechling,
‘Advice to Historians on Advice to
Mothers’, Journal of Social History
(–), pp. –.
. Thomas Wemyss Reid, A Memoir of John
Deakin Heaton, London, , p. .
. For example, the MS Diary of Robert
Holt, Liverpool Record Office /
Notes to pp. –