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References Carter, R. and M. McCarthy, 2006. Cambridge grammar of English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Collins Cobuild English grammar. 1990. London: HarperCollins. Cvetko-Orešnik, V. and J. Orešnik, 2007. "Natural Syntax: Three-value naturalness scales". Slovenski jezik. Slovene linguistic studies 6. 235-49. Gallego, Á.J., 2005. T-to-C movement in relative clauses http://seneca.uab.es/ggt/Reports/GGT-06-10.pdf Havers, W., 1931. Handbuch der erklärenden Syntax. Heidelberg: Winter. Huddleston, R. and G.K. Pullum, 2002. The Cambridge grammar of

Hauke Bartels (Cottbus) & Gunter Spiess (Cottbus) Restrictive relative clauses in the Sorbian languages* Abstract This paper is an attempt to provide an overview of the typologically relevant features of restrictive relative clauses with a nominal head in Lower and Upper Sorbian. Its main concern are (1) the semantic distinction characteristic not only of Sorbian, but also of most other Slavonic languages between relative clauses where the head of the clause and its relativized counterpart are coreferential and those which merely indicate that the referent of

Cecilia Poletto and Emanuela Sanfelici 22 Relative clauses Abstract: In this chapter we present an overview of the relative clause system in Romance languages and offer a number of cross-linguistic descriptive generalizations. We will make use of both diachronic and geographical variation, viewing them as two sides of the same coin, which both reveal the type and number of syntactic processes active in relative clauses. The empirical domain we take into consideration includes three different aspects: the paradigm of lexical relativizers, the presence of resump

DOI 10.1515/9783110469547-005 Florence A. E. Tabe and Gratien G. Atindogbé 5 Kenyang relative clauses Abstract: In Kenyang (a Niger-Congo language spoken in Cameroon), relative clauses can be realized structurally or phonologically. Structurally, the unmarked relative clause position is DP REL. The reversed order REL DP is derived by focalization. The relative morphemes nɛ̀ and bɛ́ modify DPs. The former is used to relativize DPs in finite clauses while the latter relativizes DPs in infinitival clauses. In finite clauses, the relative morpheme has the

DOI 10.1515/ip-2013-0031   Intercultural Pragmatics 2013; 10(4): 679 – 698 Tao Ming* and Liang Chen A corpus-linguistic study of multiple relative clauses in Chinese Abstract: This study investigates the ordering restriction of two relative clauses modifying the same head noun phrase in Chinese. We use both retrospective and corpus data to challenge Larson and Takahashi’s (2007) account of the ordering of such multiple relative clauses in Chinese in terms of the distinction of individual-level and stage-level relative clauses. Instead, we offer an account

The syntax of prenominal relative clauses: A typological study TONG WU Linguistic Typology 15 (2011), 569–623 1430–0532/2011/015-0569 DOI 10.1515/LITY.2011.036 ©Walter de Gruyter Abstract A typological overview is given of the syntax of prenominal relative clauses, based on a large number of languages of different families and areas and pre- sented in a theory-neutral way. On the one hand, previous typological assump- tions are tested against new data. On the other hand, the question is addressed to what extent prenominal relative clauses are ordinary or unusual

Structure, Function and Semantics

1 Introduction The structure and function of relative clauses (RCs) is becoming an important research topic since relative clauses demonstrate the intricate recursive property of human language ( Lin, 2010 ). RC structures have proven useful in evaluating theories of sentence comprehension ( Gibson & Wu, 2011 ). The two kinds of relative clause construction in English can be illustrated by the following examples (la) and (lb). (la) subject-extracted relative clause (SRC): The reporter who_attacked the Senator admitted the error. (“the reporter” serves as the doer

1 Introduction This paper investigates contact-induced change in the grammar of relative clauses (RCs) in Khanty, an endangered Ob-Ugric (Finno-Ugric, Uralic) language spoken along the river Ob and its tributaries in Western Siberia. Khanty is best characterized as a dialect continuum with three main varieties: Northern, Eastern, and the by now extinct Southern Khanty. There are significant phonological, morphological and lexical differences between these dialects making mutual intelligibility difficult (often impossible) between Northern and Eastern Khanty

Grammatical weight and relative clause extraposition in English ELAINE J. FRANCIS* Abstract In relative clause extraposition (RCE) in English, a noun is modified by a non-adjacent RC, resulting in a discontinuous dependency, as in: Three peo- ple arrived here yesterday who were from Chicago. Although discourse fo- cus is known to influence the choice of RCE over truth-conditionally equiv- alent sentences with canonical structure (Rochemont and Culicover 1990; Takami 1999), Hawkins (2004) and Wasow (2002) have proposed in ad- dition that RCE should be preferred