This study examines structural differences in the subjective quality of health care in Germany using a newspaper survey. We find that there are significant differences between urban and rural areas as well as between public and private insurance. In rural areas, the provision of general practitioners, specialists and hospitals are considered as worse than in cities. In particular, public insured individuals asses the provision of specialized doctors and hospitals as lower than private insured and criticize long waiting times for appointments and lacking coverage of health care costs by the statutory health insurance.
Research background: The search for factors influencing the evaluation of the quality of life in terms of subjective and objective socio-economic aspects was the background of the study. The search for perfect multivariate statistical methods in the describing of the assessments made by respondents in variable groups, as well as the categories was carried out.
Purpose: The aim of the study was to recognize the natural areas of transferring subjective satisfaction with the level of social factors in the three groups describing: household, country of residence, and the EU. The determined natural relations between the factors were then compared with the established sets of those factors. The characteristics of behaviour were compared in three generations of the EU.
Research methodology: The Standard Eurobarometer, autumn 2018, provided data describing adults from the generations Y, X, and BB. In the analysis a factor analysis and correspondence analysis were used.
Results: The effect of the used methods is a multidirectional image of the evaluations made by the EU Generations Y, X and BB in the areas of an individual’s functioning: direct (the household), close (the country of residence), and further (Europe and the EU).
Novelty: The conducted analysis indicates the need to use diverse methods in order that the assumed research objectives are thoroughly realized. The article indicates the possibility of modifying the approach in using the Burt matrix in connection with concatenated contingency tables.
List of Figures and Tables ix
PART I: Introduction 1
1 Changing Values and Skills Among Western Publics:
An Overview 3
PART II: Value Change 19
2 The Nature of Value Change 21
3 Sources of Value Change 72
4 Stability and Change in Value Priorities 99
5 Values, Objective Needs, and the Subjective
Quality of Life 116
6 SubjectiveSatisfaction: Cross-Cultural and
Cross-Temporal Variations 149
PART III: Political Cleavages 177
7 Political Cleavages in Industrial Society 179
8 Pre-Industrial and Post-Industrial Political Cleavages
. Construct validity of a measure of subjectivesatisfaction with life of adults with serious mental illness. PsychiatrServ. 2005;56(3):292-300. 18. Salokangas RK, Honkonen T, Stengård E, Koivisto AM. Subjective life satisfaction and living situations of persons in Finland with long-term schizophrenia. Psychiatr Serv. 2006;57(3):373. 19. Corrigan PW, McCracken SG. Psychiatric rehabilitation and staff development: educational and organizational models. Clinical Psychology Review. 2005; 15:699-719. 20. Fulton B, Goa K. Olanzapine, a review of its pharmacologic properties and
translators. In addi-
tion the study includes university teachers as informants. Both the students and the teachers
represent the University of Vaasa (Faculty of Humanities, Department of Scandinavian Lan-
guages) and the translators’ work in the Vaasa area. The material of the study comprises
questionnaires, and the discussion in the article is based on the concept of ‘usability’.
According to Nielsen (1993) usability is composed of learnability, effi ciency of use, memo-
rability, few errors and subjectivesatisfaction. These aspects are studied within the frame-
medicine ( 16 ), ( 17 ), ( 18 ). For example, Dominici and Palumbo ( 19 ) developed a survey to explore students’ subjectivesatisfaction with an e-learning course and used this survey to identify the important attributes of e-learning systems that may be related to students’ satisfaction. Through the client satisfaction approach, Bolliger and Halupa ( 16 ) found that students were strongly satisfied with an online health education doctoral program and identified the satisfying aspects of the online courses. Using the Genetic Counseling Satisfaction scale, DeMarco et al
effect evaluation indexes that the audience is more concerned about. However, in reality, the data of objective audience rating are often inconsistent with the subjectivesatisfaction scoring results [ 6 ] . Some TV programs and TV play series are highly rated by experts before they are broadcast, but the actual audience ratings after they are broadcast are not ideal. Some TV programs and TV play series are unwanted before they are broadcast, but their audience ratings after they are broadcast are rising. The contradiction between “applauding” and “drawing well” is
SPSS 17 and MS Excel 2007 were
values shown below.
In Image 1 means and standard deviation of subjectivesatisfaction ratings are presented in subjects with different
types of amputation (transfemoral/
cant differences were found between the two groups. The
median value was “2” in every condition. Frequency t
bles strengthened the observed tendency o
dominance of the numbers “2” to “4”.
N = 30) or me-
the most common
29 transfemoral pa-
applied to calculate the
lower leg). No signifi-
's ability to analyze, synthesize, and assimilate the informational content
of multimedia applications, as well as the user's subjectivesatisfaction with the
quality of such applications. Thus, denoting the former component by QoP1T
(where IT stands for 'information transfer') and the latter by QoP SAT (where
SAT stands for 'subjectivesatisfaction'), we get that:
where g is some function characterizing how the two components of QoP
combine to make up the overall QoP measure. As already highlighted in Sec.
1, work has already been done to assess the impact of