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Linguistics 209, pp. 43-50. ©Mouton Publishers, 1978. SOME REMARKS ON SYLLABIC STRUCTURE JOHN M. LIPSKI An accurate characterization of consonant clustering, and therefore a general insight into the nature of the syllable, has been one of the goals of modern linguistics, and the problem has been approached from a number of theoreti- cal perspectives. Regardless of the language family to which the analysis has been applied, descriptions of consonant clustering and phonotactic restrictions on co-occurrence have usually been based in some fashion on the distribution

15 STABILITY AND INSTABILITY OF SYLLABIC STRUCTURES The syllable is a basic unit in any expression structure.1 The only phonemic structures without syllables are those which only have vocoids, whose function is to make the pronunciation and identification of the phonemes ('consonants') possible. These non-phonemic elements are determined as to their quality by the surrounding sounds (as is supposed for Proto-Indoeuropean ; Borgstrôm, etc.).2 In such a case, there is identity between phonemes and syllables. A language like Proto-Indoeuropean accord- ing to

Emmanuel Schang Syllabic structure and creolization in Saotomense 1. Introduction This paper presents data from two related Portuguese-based Creoles from Säo Τοηιέ Island, called Saotomense and Angolar. Its goal is to discuss the origin of two phenomena of Saotomense regarding the syllable shape: complex onsets (section 4) and the incorporation of liquid consonants (section 5). Before investigating these points, I present briefly the history of Säo Tome Island (section 2) and discuss the methodological problems (section 3) involved in the investigation of

Chapter 16 The Role of Syllabic Structure in the Phonology of Moroccan Arabic John M. Keegan 1. INTRODUCTION This paper is concerned with the interrelationship between two phonological processes in Moroccan Arabic — the short vowel insertion and deletion process which operates systematically throughout the inflectional morphology, and the glide to long vowel process, which has the effect of creating the long vowels [T] and [u] from the glides /y/ and /w/. The role which syllabic structure plays in these processes will be examined, and it will be

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children are very closely attuned to the frequency patterns of prosodic structure in the input language and are aware of their specific distributions across the lexicon. Keywords: coda acquisition, syllabic structure, frequency effects, prominence effects Joan Borràs-Comes: Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Departament de Traducció i Ciències del Llenguatge, Barcelona, Spain. E-mail: joan.borras@upf.edu Pilar Prieto: Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Departament de Traducció i Ciències del Llenguatge, Barcelona, Spain. E

Gilbert Puech Maltese kiteb vs. Tunisian (Sūsa) ktib A prosodic CV approach Abstract: This paper compares verbal and nominal forms in Maltese and Tunisi- an Arabic with respect to prosody, syllabic structure and stress. Considering prototypical forms like kíteb ‘he wrote’ or básal ‘onions’, Maltese appears to be a trochaic language. Homologous forms in Tunisian Arabic, ktib and bṣal, are obviously built on a different pattern. Stumme (1904) drew philologists’ atten- tion on the possible kinship between Maltese, a Maghrebi dialect, and Levan- tine Arabic

ending variants in both language branches, the unaccented circumflex *-ti and the acute and partially stressed *-tí, shows that infinitives of originally telic roots (root aorists in PIE) took only the former, whereas infinitives of originally atelic roots (no root aorists in PIE) took the latter variant of the ending. In certain infinitive groups, due to their syllabic structure the prosody has been susceptible to further change, so that the distribution is not obvious at first sight. In the following analysis unstressed circumflex PB.-Sl. *-ti is associated with the

(24), the inspection of vowels preceding and following the consonant in durational analyses, and the inclusion of male and female speakers. The main aim is to show correspondence between phonetic timing in LA and phonological accounts of syllabic structure that are based on moraic weight (Hayes 1989; Broselow 1995; McCarthy and Prince 1995). The study extends predictions of mora-sharing in disyllables with medial clusters that are preceded by a long vowel (e.g., /ˈmaal.ħa/ ‘salty-FEM-SG’) to comparable syl- lables with a medial geminate (e.g., /ˈmaal