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Linguistic Typology 2014; 18(1): 83 – 140 Adam Sposato Word order in Miao-Yao (Hmong-Mien) Abstract: Miao-Yao is one of the major language families of mainland Southeast Asia, with perhaps over one hundred member languages. Despite this, very little information on word order in Miao-Yao has been made available in English or other European languages. Relying primarily on recently published Chinese de- scriptions, this article presents data on fourteen word order features for eleven Miao-Yao languages for use in large-scale typological studies. It also

semantic representations for sentences”. An example of such properties is syntactic dependency, which, for instance, determines the preference for transitive verbs to be followed by their direct objects. Whereas in Pérez-Guerra (forthcoming) I discuss Hawkins’ approach in detail, I will limit myself to mentioning here the two basic principles which underlie Hawkins’ approach to word order: (i) Minimize Domains (MiD), which accounts for the preference for short–long designs, and (ii) Adjacency to Heads, which is inspired by the complements-first principle since it

egophoricity: Grammar, ontology and phylogeny. Lingua, 118 (2), 141-150. Dahl, Ö. & Fraufud, K. (1996). Animacy in grammar and discourse. In T. Fretheim & J.K. Gundel (Eds.), Reference and Referent Accessibility (pp. 47-66). Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins. Dryer, M.S. (1991). SVO Languages and the OV/VO Typology. Journal of Linguistics, 27 (2), 443-482. Dryer, M.S. (1992). The Greenbergian word order correlations. Language, 68 (1), 81-138. Dryer, M.S. (2005). Order of subject, object, and verb. In M. Haspelmath, M.S. Dryer, D. Gil, & B. Comrie (Eds.), The World Qtlas of

Folia Linguistica 46/2 (2012), 387–415. doi 10.1515/flin.2012.014 issn 0165–4004, e-issn 1614–7308 © Mouton de Gruyter – Societas Linguistica Europaea Word order in French, Spanish and Italian: A grammaticalization account1 Karen Lahousse & Béatrice Lamiroy KULeuven This article provides a comparative analysis of word order in Spanish, French and Italian. We first consider word order in general, and show that Spanish has all types of word order except SOV (i.e. SVO, VOS, OSV, VSO and OVS), while Italian lacks SOV and VSO, and French lacks SOV, VSO and OVS

1 Introduction Arabic (including the Standard variety and spoken dialects) is a well-known example of a language with word-order variation (see, e.g. Bakir 1980 ; Ouhalla 1994 ; Mohammad 2000 ; Mahfoudhi 2002 ; Aoun et al. 2010 ; Salem 2010 ). Although SVO and VSO word orders are considered the common (or preferable) word orders across Arabic varieties, other word order permutations (i.e. OVS, OSV, SOV, and VOS) are allowed under certain syntactic and/or pragmatic conditions. An instance of a syntactic and pragmatic condition on e.g. the marked OSV word

Its Syntactic Sources and Diversity