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Abstract

The aim of the paper is to identify university’s activities and characteristics that enable it to reorient itself towards the idea of an entrepreneurial university. In the modern world, universities have an additional important role, that is, the need to adopt entrepreneurial strategies without disrupting the quality of teaching and research. First of all, the authors discuss the idea of entrepreneurship and focus mainly on academic entrepreneurship. The idea of entrepreneurship is becoming more and more desirable in a modern organization thus also in a university. The new role of the university is to create the entrepreneurial ideas and attitudes among students and all university employees, as well as to initiate entrepreneurial activities in academic institutions. It is also necessary to plan entrepreneurial university architecture. The article focuses on presenting the theoretical foundations of the academic entrepreneurship process to finally make a synthetic comparison of the features of a traditional university and an entrepreneurial university. The main research question of the article is: In which dimensions the idea of an entrepreneurial university can lead to the development of the university?

The result of the research is a new combination of attributes and characteristics of an enterprising university and new directions of university’s development. By this paper the authors take part in the discussion about the implementation of the idea of entrepreneurship in contemporary university management.

Abstract

Modern economy requires knowledge and skills, which are acquired by future employees mostly in the fields of education including science and engineering. The increase in the number of graduates in this type of studies can be achieved in different ways, one of which is to create conditions and increase the propensity of women to obtain this type of education. The aim of the research presented in the article is to analyse long-term trends in the number of students and graduates in Poland, with particular emphasis on engineering faculties and the participation of women. Authors using dispersion and structural similarity measures and dynamic models showed that the total number of students and graduates and the number of students in engineering studies are characterised by different patterns. At the same time, in both cases a different structure of total students and engineers by gender was observed, as well as a growing share of women.

Abstract

The paper presents a conceptual overview of a human-centred training station for manual operations (ATASMO). It identifies the main users of the system but also the long-tern targeted features of ATASMO. Moreover, the current implementation, its limitations and future work on ATASMO is synthetically presented.

Abstract

Education for sustainable development (ESD) is a strong debate subject that push education stakeholders of all levels to consider actual challenges of sustainability. The main objective is to re-shape the young generation behavior into an active and participatory one in order to face the actual challenges of climate change, scarce resources use, consumption efficiency, lifecycle thinking, social equity and other topics related to sustainable development dimensions and objectives. In this context, the article aims to present the research for the training needs assessment (survey based on a questionnaire applied internationally in Romania, Hungary, Slovenia and Portugal) that has contributed to the TeachSUS project development and implementation. The research results have been considered as valuable information for the innovative solution of the training programme design, in the context of the TeachSUS project.

Abstract

The paper aims to analyze and comment the current eLearning environments considering the space and time characteristics in order to better understanding of certain antecedents’ factors for eLearning system acceptance and effective use by students. The current paper illustrated the eLearning platforms – from the differences between online and traditional face to face learning to the spatial thinking and learning process – using as a case study the minds of students from a technical University of Romania.

Abstract

Simulation-based learning has become an essential tool for food engineers in education and industry. The students from food engineering higher education usually have difficulties to understand abstract concepts of the process control, to make links among microbiology, biochemistry and automation of the technological process from food industry. The present paper describes a methodology for teaching the process control by developing a control level process using simulation-based learning. The used of this metode highlighted that the students developed competence toward “thinking like a scientist”, developed argumentation and critical decision-making skills and reinforced research-planning and experimental design skills.

Abstract

The article reveals the concept of digital entrepreneurship and its framework for education of immigrants and asylum seekers in Baltic Sea countries. The research has been carried out in the boundaries of the Nordplus Adult project with participation of partner organisations from Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Sweden. As stated in the article, digital entrepreneurship is supposed to be one of the opportunities in promoting successful integration of immigrants and asylum seekers into labour market. Therefore, by supporting the development of entrepreneurship as an integral part of adult education, and modelling new methods of combining new digital technologies and entrepreneurship education it is intended to help both immigrants and asylum seekers to acquire relevant competence for successful integration into labour markets. The article’s purpose is to disclose the relevance of digital entrepreneurship as a new competence of immigrants and asylum seekers with respect to their needs for successful integration into the socio-economic situation of a host country. The method of data collection was interview with experts. The experts found the efficiency of the framework important to some degree. In the experts’ opinion, educational goals based on the framework are achievable. However, diversity of the target group could be a risky factor.

Abstract

Intuitive user interfaces have been of great concern for GUI developers. The current research, who deals with their designing, faces the term intuitive constantly. The main question is how can the Interface be intuitive? For the moment, the researchers try to provide a very intuitive generic user interface that can be used in a variety of applications. In this paper we provide a solution that can model any applied ontology into a honeycomb menu. The hexagonal shape of the honeycomb has attracted the attention of humans for centuries. As a relevant consequence, the final user can browse any knowledge base very easily with the aid of this interface. Another useful feature is that programmers can take full advantage of semantic web technologies which can tailor results based on any knowledge base that is feed as input, without any need for code change, thus leading towards a panacea system.

Abstract

The human abilities to use nature’s materials and force to their benefit, by means of engineering applications has made the human development possible. Multiple factors have influenced the human development, sometimes accelerating it, other times slowing it down to annulation. Although it is known and accepted that creativity’s role is essential in engineering performances, the neglecting of creativity in engineering education is not understood. The graduates from Anglo-Saxon countries and Europe reduced creative potential and the lack of necessary abilities concerning the solving of the companies’ problems have been emphasized by specialists in education and governmental reports reinforces the need to creativity in engineering education. The diagram of engineering education presented in the paper defines in conceptual terms the way engineering study programs can be developed with an adequate creative composition. The evaluation of the students’ creativity level at the master and doctoral levels of engineering programs belonging to two European universities has shown the need for improving creativity solutions. The development of creative abilities can be realized by formulating creative objectives which are specific to learning: creative evaluating topics, open projects, answering topics, originality of solutions and the use of projects method.