There was no nationalisms in Socialist Europe during the Cold War - or was there?
“Separatism”, “nationalist deviation” or “bourgeois nationalism” were the official terms used to dismiss national feelings in the USSR and the “Peoples’ Republics”. In the supposed world of internationalist workers’ solidarity, nationalism in theory had no place.
Of course, from Baltic partisans in the 1950s, to Balkan terrorists in the 70s, nationalist groups opposed socialist states, but these same states also ran national roads to socialism, maintained chauvinistic war narratives, and persecuted, aggressively assimilated, and even expelled minorities.
This study puts into single frame anti-German expulsions at the start of the Cold War, and anti-Turkish drives at the end, while covering resisters and oppressors, irredentism, “anti-Zionism”, national economies, uprisings and repressions.