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This volume examines the world of music during the era of reform in Russia under Peter the Great, and describes the political and social function of music during the transitional period from the 17th to the 18th century. Sacred song freed itself from orthodox liturgy, and what had been regarded as pagan instrumental music became an integral feature of the Russian court, thereby strengthening Russia’s cultural status as a major European power.
The testimonies by high-ranking military officers collected in this volume constitute a major source document based on the statements of German generals in Soviet custody. While they contain contradictions and inaccuracies, they are not part of the self-justifying public discourse that took place in post-war West Germany. In this way, the book makes a significant contribution to historical research on the history of the Second World War.
This book explores whether the “Great Terror” in the multiethnic Republic of Georgia was an instance of genocide or ethnic cleansing. Unlike other regions of the former Soviet Union, Georgia allows for the parallel consideration of the three mass operations at the heart of the “Great Terror.” The study reconsiders familiar interpretations and perspectives on the persecutory campaigns of the “Great Terror.”
A comparison between Western European Catholic monasteries and Russian Orthodox monasteries during the late Middle Ages and Early Modern period reveals their common roots in the Western and Eastern monastic traditions as well as similarities in the meaning and practical implementation of their shared early Christian heritage. The adopted social-historical perspective illustrates how the world of the monastery is connected to secular spaces.
Questions of public security are on the agenda around the world. This volume uses the example of Russia around 1800 to discuss how monarchies in Europe responded to the ideological, political, and social challenges that contested their survival. It takes a broad concept of security as its basis and embeds observations on Russia within their international context.