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The Mouton Handbooks of Indo-European Typology is a handbook series of synchronic grammatical descriptions intended as up-to-date reference guides easily accessible for both typologists and Indo-European scholars. The handbooks will focus on well defined linguistic concepts relevant to current research, e.g., gradation, reflexivity, or converbs. Each volume shall be devoted to one concept, giving exhaustive synchronic descriptions covering all branches of the Indo-European family. The contributions to the volumes tackle one branch or subbranch of Indo-European and will be written by one or more leading experts. The descriptions are based on a questionnaire provided by the editorial team, thus ensuring consistent high quality and allowing for comparability and easy cross-reference.
The ability to compare is fundamental to human cognition. Expressing various types of comparison is thus essential to any language. The present volume presents detailed grammatical descriptions of how comparison and gradation are expressed in ancient Indo-European languages. The detailed chapters devoted to the individual languages go far beyond standard handbook knowledge. Each chapter is structured the same way to facilitate cross-reference and (typological) comparison. The data are presented in a top-down fashion and in a format easily accessible to the linguistic community.The topics covered are similatives, equatives, comparatives, superlatives, elatives, and excessives. Each type of comparison is illustrated with glossed examples of all its attested grammatical realizations.The book is an indispensable tool for typologists, historical linguists, and students of the syntax and morphosyntax of comparison.