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Crown. Today the coherence of the Canadian polity, in theory at least, comes 'from above.' A republic must, as Catharine Macaulay wrote two hundred years ago, be able to explain itself to itself. That was the essence of its rigid simplicity, for republican government was 'educative/ it taught the citizen 'how to act well.'26 In short, there was more to politics than turnout. Here was Canada's problem: she was not a nation like Ireland (G.K. Chesterton once wrote, and the government of Ireland repeated in its request to the United States for recognition in 1920, that

dispute at the founding of the 98 Part Two republic turned on the concept of representation and its implication for government. In one respect the emphasis on the primacy of representation to Amer- ican republican ideas is unexpected. Commentators today talk more fre- quently about a 'crisis' in participation than they do about repre- sentation. The issues that excite attention are low voter turnout, even in presidential contests, and lower still in off-year elections. Concern is also expressed about the plight of the two old parties, the paralysis that has come with

probably be people south of Calgary who will vote 'no' because they don't like the provincial law with regard to Sunday shopping. That will happen. Similar things will happen all across the country. For those who are on the Yes side, there had better be a large turnout. Now in my world today, friends - and I'm involved in international business - in this new global reality, Canada is being passed by; by investment, by purchase of our goods, our resources, our services. I am deeply troubled that my children's generation - my four kids - will not have as good a

resolved before final results are released, there are some significant points to be noted from the referendum results. First, even with the disputed figures, the Aborigi- nal voter turnout was very small, with less than 8 per cent of the estimated Aboriginal population of approximately 1.5 million people voting. The poor turnout can be attributed to a variety of factors. Some Aboriginal communities opted not to participate in the referendum because this process was seen as contrary to their traditions.61 Other communities, especially in the Province of Quebec, did

, M.J.C., 41, 42 Vipond, Mary, 182 Voting, 121-2; and voter turnout, 107-8. See also Citizenship as partic- ipation Wakefield, Edward Gibbon, 114, 153, 205 Wallot, Jean-Pierre, 63 Walzer, Michael, 195 War Measures Act (1970), 132 Watson, Patrick, 232 Wentworth, Sir John, 65-6 t4 352 Index Western Canada, 100, 131, 134, 138, Wood, Gordon, 97 172. See also Individual provinces World Wars. See First World War; Wheare, K.C., 149, 170, 221 Second World War White Paper on Indian Policy, 190 Wright, Tony, 1ll Whitlam, Gough, 4, 217, 235-6 Wilson, James, 97 Yukon, the, 110

monocultural domination through media or do they contribute through the unification of markets and political apathy on behalf of the citizens (low electoral turn-out for example) to the legit- imization of cultural imperialistic practices? Does European cinema deserve supportive policies to produce reactionary, xenophobic, or sexist images any more than commercial channels such as Sky and RTL with Legitimizing Domination ][ C H A P T E R 6 ][ 89 C Imperialism 1/27/05 1:24 PM Page 89 their action-hero Hollywood bliss? Is the protection of the interests of Bertelsmann vis

George T. Denison and his correspondents, of United Empire Loyalist stock and defenders of Empire at its apogee, never tired of ridiculing American politics: 'full of oppositions and deadlocks in every quarter - executives, Senates and legislatures in irreconcilable oppositions all over the country.'82 Canadians were more at ease listing what they saw wrong with American-style democracy - corruption, machine politics, low voter turnout - than they were with anatomizing republican gov- ernment. It was (and is) as if in this matter form had no relationship to function