re-election is through the goodwill of a majority of the electorate. This is
assumed to be best secured through policies designed to guarantee that the
utility levels of individuals increase over the government's term of office.
There is now a substantial empirical literature on politico-economic models
which investigates the role of economic variables in both the votingbehaviour of
individuals and the economic policy responses of governments to voter preferen-
ces (for a summary of this literature see Bruno Frey' 5). A variety ofassumptions
13 For a
chapter 1 above.
17 Evidence to support this argument comes particularly from the comparative data presented
on the candidates in the 1966 Quebec provincial election.
18 For construction of all indexes in this section, see appendix c.
19 For a discussion of the relationship between political participation of children and parents,
see H. Renmers, 'Early Socialization of Attitudes,' in E. Burdeck and A.T. Brodbeck (eds),
American VotingBehavior (Glencoe: Free Press, 1959), 55-67.
20 The tendency for fathers of our respondents to have a strong interest in politics