wirtschaftliche Mobilisierung, Baden-Baden 2006, S. 723-762.
Hübner, Peter: Stagnation or Change? Transformations of the Workplace in the
GDR, in: Jarausch, Konrad H. (Hg.): Dictatorship as Experience. Towards a
Socio-Cultural History of the GDR, Oxford u.a. 1999, S. 285-305.
Hunn, Karin: „Nächstes Jahr kehren wir zurück ...“. Die Geschichte türkischer
„Gastarbeiter“ in der Bundesrepublik, Göttingen 2005.
Hürtgen, Renate: Angestellt im VEB. Loyalitäten, Machtressourcen und soziale La-
gen der Industrieangestellten in der DDR, Münster 2009.
384 | HUMANE RATIONALISIERUNG
Prozessen müssen noch erforscht werden.
Die Selbstsubversion ist überall; sie erweist sich als der Komplexität der
Macht in der globalen Gesellschaft angepasster Prozess. Die Form der diktatori-
schen Macht ist grundlegend verändert, man muss sich mit einem distributed
dictatorship60 auseinandersetzen: Der Druck auf die Demokratie, der bis zur Zer-
störung reichen kann, zeigt sich in einer unzählbaren Menge von Regierungs-
handlungen (und nicht in der schlichten biologischen Dominanz des entschei-
denden Souveräns). Wir können, dem Schmitt’schen Paradigma folgend
to democratization, which began in 1987, universities did not func-
tion well neither for education nor research. Instead the university in Ko-
rea had been a site of the student movement for democracy. Universities
had played the most important role as a free and rebellious sphere where
radical ideas were disseminated, new discourses against dictatorship
were formulated, and struggles against the military regime took place.
The military regime frequently closed down universities to suppress stu-
dent protest movements, and the riot police entered university
generation live under the conditions of strong
dictatorship and unlimited compulsory military service described above and, fol-
lowing the example of the previous generations, often decide to go into exile to
seek refuge and a better life abroad. Eritrea, indeed, played host to a wide diasporic
process during the thirty-year struggle for independence: about one million Eri-
treans went into exile, although they maintained strong links with EPLF guerrillas
through providing them with financial and political support (Al-Ali, Black, and
Koser 2001). This form of long
called the “thirty years war” in Latin America: that
is, the wars opposing armed disciples of Fidel and Che to Latin American
regimes, either dictatorial or democratic. During that period, according to
Castañeda, “every Latin American intellectual worth his pen, canvas, or
songbook made the journey to Havana at one point or another” (Castañeda
1994: 177, 184). Paz kept his distance. In Itinerario, Paz makes the following
comments on the Cuban revolution:
It began as an uprising against a dictatorship as much as a reaction to the clumsy
politics of the United
especially the children of
The education system of Catalonia follows the Spanish national law of edu-
cation, including the major educational reforms implemented in 1995, which ex-
tended compulsory schooling from age 14 to age 16 and changed the structure of
primary and secondary education. Today, free public schooling begins at age 3
5 Since its linguistic normalization after Franco’s dictatorship, Catalan is now trapped
in the paradox of Authenticity and Anonymity. According to Woolard
. 31-66, S. 60.
29 | Vgl. Franco/Levín, ibid., S. 61.
30 | Wichtige Texte sind hierbei Evangelista, Liria (1998): Voices of the Survivors.
Testimony, Mourning, and Memory in Post-Dictatorship Argentina, 1983-1995.
grund ihrer internationalen Prominenz – die Madres de Plaza de Mayo
Gegenstand vieler Forschungsarbeiten, wobei oftmals ein Bezug zu gen-
dertheoretischen Reflexionen zur wichtigen Stellung der Mutterschaft im
argentinischen Kontext hergestellt wird.31 Aus der sogenannten Transi-
tionsforschung kommen weitere wichtige Überlegungen zur
). Trans. Peter Theroux. New York: Pantheon,
286 Transgressive Truths and Flattering Lies
1991. Variations on Night and Day (Cities of Salt, vol. 3). Trans. Peter Theroux.New
York: Pantheon, 1993.
—. “Unpublished Munif Interview: Crisis in the Arab World—Oil, Political Is-
lam, and Dictatorship.” By Iskandar Habash. Trans. Elie Chalala. Al-Jadid
Magazine 2003, 14 May 2015 <http://www.aljadid.com/content/unpublished-
Munkelt, Marga, Markus Schmitz, Mark Stein, and Silke Stroh
moments of listening will reveal pronounced differences between bluegrass and
Nashville country as exemplified by Hank Williams, George Jones, Loretta Lynn,
Johnny Cash, Dolly Parton, Merle Haggard, Willie Nelson, and the like. Rarely, if
ever, have these Nashville performers been invited to serve as “musical ambassadors.”
170 | Martha Bayles
discussion of those problems, to show that democracy is better than dictatorship
at facing hard facts and devising solutions that do not oppress the powerless.
Such a renewed public diplomacy would be effective precisely
Ayekantún today came
to Norway as part of a relatively large wave of immigrants that arrived at
the very end of the Pinochet dictatorship. Their professional occupations
are typically working class. Most of them come from predominantly urban
backgrounds with limited folclore interest within their families. More
than half of them had never danced traditional dances before arriving in
Norway, and admit to having had little or no interest in this kind of cultural
practice before leaving Chile. Whether they had dancing experience in
Chile or not, they all report that