Mass Aesthetics, Technicist Expansionism
and the Ambivalence of
Posthumanist Cultural Thought
The Construction of the Present as Self-Legitimation
It has been pointed out that current literature studies suffer from an un-
fruitful gap between everyday philological practice such as retrieving
archives respectively editing texts and their interpretation, often refer-
ring to systematic approaches towards a theoryofliterature or theory of
culture (Proß 1999). Whereas the first field covers empirical or factual
White, Metahistory; See also Agrell, “Documentarism and TheoryofLiterature.”
17 | A study and discussion of literary documentaries, especially in the contemporary
atmosphere of medial simulations and a perceived “loss of reality”, has been initiated and
Introduc tion: Urban Narratives And Bruno Latour ’s Empiricism 15
Latour’s ANT is also concerned with the manner of discursive constructed-
ness of the object of study. In chapter II, we will delve deeper into his ideas of an
Actor Network Theory for its applicability in our project. Latour urges a change
: Dettagli e To-
talità nel Pensiero di George Simmel, Perugia: Morlacchi.
Debord, G. (1967): La Société du Spectacle, Paris: Buchet-Chastel.
Deuze, M. (2012): Media Life, Cambridge: Polity Press.
Di Giacomo, G. (2016): Arte e Modernità. Una Guida Filosofica, Roma:
Fry, P. (2009): “Introduction to TheoryofLiterature” September 1st,
Gemini, L. (2003): L’ Incertezza Creativa: i Percorsi Sociali e Comuni-
cativi delle Performance Artistiche, Milano: Franco Angeli.
Hartog, F. (2002): Regime d’Historicité. Présentisme
provide a rich
framework in order to understand the development of this relatively recent phe-
nomenon, but also to reformulate the category of faction on new epistemologi-
cal bases. Whereas fiction is a concept which has a long history and is often the
object of studies in theoryofliterature (Genette, 2004; Cohn, 2000; Zipfel, 2014),
faction is a concept occurring both in literary studies (Zander, 1999; Rubie, 2009)
and sociological narrative analysis (Bury, 2001, p. 282). In literary studies, faction
refers to how facts are appropriated in a fictional
Jörgen Schäfer and Peter Gendolla
Reading (in) the Net
Aesthetic Experience in Computer-Based Media
In his empirical theoryofliterature Filozofia Przypadku [Philosophy of Chance] that
Stanislav Lem published in 1968, he sketches a sort of creative process be-
tween the brain of the writer and the paper he is using. It is
eine Bahn im semantischen Raum. . . . Die “Absicht” liegt gewisser-
maßen halbwegs zwischen der ständigen “Problematik” des Schrift-
stellers und dem konkreten “Thema” des Werks. . . . Es geht um
gewisse “ständig aktivierte
. Although we
did not intend a general discussion of theoriesofliterature—this would cer-
tainly be too much to expect from students in this context—, we wanted to
confront net literature with those four epistemological conceptions we already
mentioned in our other essay in this book: intentionality vs. chance, performativ-
ity/performance, emergence and game/play.
3.2 Geschichte der interaktiven Literatur
(‘History of Interactive Literature’)
Whereas we had started our first seminar with a top-down approach by intro-
ducing quite complex theoretical conceptions
/artistic declarations or his “theory” ofliterature from them.10
7 Jan Michalik, Twórczość Ibsena w sądach krytyki polskiej 1875–1906 [Ibsen’s work
in Polish criticism] (Wrocław: Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich, 1971), 39–41.
8 Cf. Michał Głowiński, “Deux critiques littéraires sur Ibsen (Ortwin – Brzozowski),”
in Swedish-Polish Literary contacts, ed. Nils Åke Nilsson (Stockholm: Almqvist &
Wiksell International, 1979), 61.
9 Polish translations were based on letters published in 1904 in Die neue Rundschau.
27 | Baudrillard, Simulacra and Simulation, 73.
28 | See Agrell, “Documentarism and TheoryofLiterature”; Weeks, “Re-Cognizing the Post-
Soviet Condition: The Documentary Turn in Contemporary Art in the Baltic States”; Schlote
and Voigts-Virchow, ZAA, Constructing Media Reality: The New Documentarism.
29 | See Agrell and Schlote and Voigts-Virchow, but specifically Weeks, “Re-Cognizing the
Post-Soviet Condition: The Documentary Turn in Contemporary Art in the Baltic States.”
Ac tors and Net works in the Megacit y28
as Hito Steyerl has pointed out in the quote
. Veering: A TheoryofLiterature. Edinburgh UP, 2011.
Santayana, George. The Genteel Tradition in American Philosophy: Character
and Opinion in the United States, edited by James Seaton, Yale UP, 2009.
Schönfelder, Karl-Heinz. “Benjamin Franklin to Frank Algernon Cowperwood:
Changes in the Image of the American Businessman.” Zeitschrift für Anglistik
und Amerikanistik, vol. 30, no. 3, 1982, pp. 213-218.
Sculley, John, and John A. Byrne. Odyssey: Pepsi to Apple a Journey of Adven-
ture, Ideas and the Future. Stoddart, 1989.
Seib, Kenneth. “Uneasiness at Niagara
: “La première fois que
je vis un tableau de Pierre Soulages, ce fut un choc. Je reçus, au creux de l’estomac, un coup, qui me fit
vaciller, comme le boxeur, touché, qui soudain s’abîme. C’est exactement l’impression que j’avais éprouvée
à la première vue du masque dan.” Cf. Sunday O. Anozie, Structural Models and African Poetics: Towards
a Pragmatic TheoryofLiterature (Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1981), 94; Hans Belting and Andrea
Buddensieg, Ein Afrikaner in Paris: Léopold Sédar Senghor und die Zukunft der Moderne (Munich: C.H.
Beck, 2018), 132.