THE STAGING OF DIFFERENCES
MADINA TLOSTANOVA is Professor of HistoryofPhilosophy at Peoples'
Friendship University of Russia (Moscow).
BTRGTT WAGNER is Professor of Romance Literature at the University of
MICHAELA WOLF is Professor of Translation Studies at the University of
History at Carl von Ossietzky University
Oldenburg, field of expertise: Early Modern History
Professor Gunilla Budde, Institute of History at Carl von Ossietzky University
Oldenburg, field of expertise: German and European History of the 19th and
Professor Rudolf Holbach, Institute of History at Carl von Ossietzky University
Oldenburg, field of expertise: Medieval History
Professor Johann Kreuzer, Institute of Philosophy at Carl von Ossietzky Uni-
versity Oldenburg, field of expertise: HistoryofPhilosophy
Professor Sabine Kyora, Institute of German
in French philosophy. Let us sum up brief ly here those steps that preceded
Martin’s appropriation of the notion.
In the 1923-1934 lessons that he gives in Marburg – now published and
entitled Einführung in die Phänomenologische Forschung (Heidegger 1994) –
Heidegger proposes an intense ref lection about the notion of problem and
its implications for the historyofphilosophy. In section 10, he notably deals
with the ‘clarification of problems (Klärung der Probleme)’ and distinguishes
between problems and questions. A question refers to an implicit care
)—“the test of the foreign”—the text of translation, imagining,
for example, a language that functions differently from the one we work with.
We now have to take into account the fact that “ontological nationalism” means
prejudice vis-à-vis other languages. A Heideggerian would thus dismiss the whole
notion of philosophizing in a language that is one among others. Why do I need to
translate into languages that are not the Logos, she would say?
The historyofphilosophy was constructed at a given time, relatively recently,
upon the notion of the exceptionalism of
and the historyofphilosophy.
After the departure of Schjelderup, the situation for academic philosophy in
Norway was precarious. Aall was the only remaining chair in philosophy in the
country, and he was so far removed from philosophy in the traditional mode that he
660 See the entry on John Mourly Vold in Norsk biografisk leksikon, downloaded from
https://nbl.snl.no/John_Mourly_Vold on 15.1.2016.
661 Given the entrepreneurial drive of Aall and his generation, and considering the flow of