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, Film Noir, and Existentialism in Postwar America (University of Chicago Press), in which he delineates the origins of the concept of cool as it emerges in America’s vibrant jazz culture. REFERENCES Anon. (2006): »Drop Science, Drop Knowledge«, The Rap Dictionary [online], 19 December, http://www. rapdict.org/Drop_science,_drop_knowledge. 4 Ap- ril 2011. Barnes, Barry (1974): Scientific Knowledge and Sociological Theory. London: Rout- ledge & Kegan Paul. Bell, Daniel (1973): The Coming of Post-Industrial Society. New York: Basic. THIS SPACE CALLED SCIENCE 201

becoming increasingly similar to a sporting event; as moments of “denationalization” as much as “deterritorializa- tion of prestige”; and as agents of new geocultural relationships.44 Finally, he de- clares a demand for further studies: he envisages the need for a model which would use Bourdieu’s sociological theory but move towards what Michel de Certeau in The Practice of Everyday Life coined as “practised place”, one which consciously includes academic criticism as active participant rather than passive observer.45 The second ‘objective’ path in later Booker

or less distinct phases. The first phase was marked by the culturalist approach based on the works by Raymond Williams (1958, 1961), Richard Hoggart (1992 [1957]) and E.P. Thompson (1963). Furthermore, as cultural studies emerged out of English studies, its early days’ methodology mainly consisted of close reading practices applied to popular texts. In a second phase, the focus was shifted and expanded to sociological theories and approaches, which served as a preparation for the third phase, the explication with structuralist approaches that swept cultural

: A Sociological Theory (New Brunswick/ London: Aldine Transaction, 2002) 11. 108 See Dean, Governmentality, 220. 109 Ulrich Beck, World Risk Society (Cambridge/ Malden: Polity Press, 2009), 4. 110 Ibid., 3-4. 111 Dean, Governmentality, 211. See also Mitchell Dean, “Questions of Method,” The Politics of Constructionism Eds. R. Williams and I. Velody (London: Sage, 1998) 182-199. 2.3 State of Speculation | 101 paradigm of organizing economic and political discourse, and risk management as an instrument of governance. Clearly, Bigelow’s emphasis on

of life, and of the fully comprehensive society” as constituting “the politically explosive force of risk society” in the passage quoted above. Beck’s insistence on “the systemic yardstick of economic insurance rationality” as an aspect that Luhmann fails to consider ultimately exposes the arbitrariness of his selection of quotes 188 Ibid. 189 Ibid., 84. 190 Ibid., 84 191 Niklas Luhmann, Risk: A Sociological Theory (New Brunswick and London: Aldine Transaction, 2008). 192 Luhmann qtd. in