Noir, and Existentialism in Postwar America (University of Chicago Press), in which he
delineates the origins of the concept of cool as it emerges in America’s vibrant jazz
Anon. (2006): »Drop Science, Drop Knowledge«, The Rap Dictionary [online],
19 December, http://www. rapdict.org/Drop_science,_drop_knowledge. 4 Ap-
Barnes, Barry (1974): Scientific Knowledge and SociologicalTheory. London: Rout-
ledge & Kegan Paul.
Bell, Daniel (1973): The Coming of Post-Industrial Society. New York: Basic.
THIS SPACE CALLED SCIENCE 201
becoming increasingly similar to
a sporting event; as moments of “denationalization” as much as “deterritorializa-
tion of prestige”; and as agents of new geocultural relationships.44 Finally, he de-
clares a demand for further studies: he envisages the need for a model which
would use Bourdieu’s sociologicaltheory but move towards what Michel de
Certeau in The Practice of Everyday Life coined as “practised place”, one which
consciously includes academic criticism as active participant rather than passive
The second ‘objective’ path in later Booker
or less distinct
phases. The first phase was marked by the culturalist approach based
on the works by Raymond Williams (1958, 1961), Richard Hoggart
(1992 ) and E.P. Thompson (1963). Furthermore, as cultural
studies emerged out of English studies, its early days’ methodology
mainly consisted of close reading practices applied to popular texts. In
a second phase, the focus was shifted and expanded to sociologicaltheories and approaches, which served as a preparation for the third
phase, the explication with structuralist approaches that swept cultural
: A SociologicalTheory (New Brunswick/
London: Aldine Transaction, 2002) 11.
108 See Dean, Governmentality, 220.
109 Ulrich Beck, World Risk Society (Cambridge/ Malden: Polity Press, 2009), 4.
110 Ibid., 3-4.
111 Dean, Governmentality, 211. See also Mitchell Dean, “Questions of Method,” The
Politics of Constructionism Eds. R. Williams and I. Velody (London: Sage, 1998)
2.3 State of Speculation | 101
paradigm of organizing economic and political discourse, and risk management
as an instrument of governance. Clearly, Bigelow’s emphasis on
of life, and
of the fully comprehensive society” as constituting “the politically explosive
force of risk society” in the passage quoted above. Beck’s insistence on “the
systemic yardstick of economic insurance rationality” as an aspect that Luhmann
fails to consider ultimately exposes the arbitrariness of his selection of quotes
189 Ibid., 84.
190 Ibid., 84
191 Niklas Luhmann, Risk: A SociologicalTheory (New Brunswick and London: Aldine
192 Luhmann qtd. in