possible. The balancing of private and public interest can only succeed if spaces ex-
ist that allow for both their subsistence. Hester’s experience of the flood of sunshine
and her dissent will create such a space and lay the foundations of forest-freedom in
a theocratic town.
THE SCARLET LETTER AND THE OPENING OF FENCES | 81
2.4 THE RECUPERATION OF MERCY AND THE
FOUNDATIONS OF CIVILSOCIETY
The Scarlet Letter as civic myth is not a narrative about an American family. It does
not provide a happy ending for Hester, Pearl, and Arthur, because
(2004): „‚Cross cultural‘ versus Interkulturelle Kommunika-
tion. Methodische Probleme der Beschreibung von Inter-Aktion“, in: Lüsebrink,
Konzepte der Interkulturellen Kommunikation, S. 69-113.
Müller-Pelzer, Werner (Hg.) (2015a): Europe Renaissance. Essaying European CivilSociety – Europa-Renaissance. Die europäische Bürgergesellschaft auf dem Prüf-
stand, Göttingen: Cuvillier.
Müller-Pelzer, Werner (2015b): „Interkulturelle Kompetenz auf leiblicher Grundlage
– der Erklärungsansatz der neueren Phänomenologie“, in: Hiller: Gundula
Ukraine is de-
termined to a significant extent by the dynamics of literary development”,
since it is by “returning a historical and ethical sense of time to one’s na-
tion” (Paсhljovska 2014: 476) that literature participates in the construction
of identity and the development of civilsociety.
Be that as it may, for all their importance the themes of nation building
and history do not obscure the novel’s main attribute – its deeply individual
and humanistic pathos, first and foremost – thanks to the subtle psycholo-
gism of the narration of the aged Jakiv
Brzozowski, Idee, 253.
19 Ibid., 209.
20 Ibid., 208.
Brzozowski and the Italians | 147
But in the thick night of darkness enveloping the earliest antiquity, so remote from us,
there shines the eternal and never-failing light of a truth beyond all question: that the
world of civilsociety has certainly been made by men.21
In his New Science Vico traces the entirety of knowledge, understood here as the
social world (with its logic, morality, economy, politics, physics, astronomy,
chronology in the sense of history and geography), back to poetic wisdom that
A. V. Amfiteatrova”, in: AvtobiografiЯ 1, 145-
Sinel, Allen (1973): The Classroom and the Chancellery: State Educational Re-
form in Russia Under Count Dmitry Tolstoi. Cambridge.
Spitzer, Alan B. (1987): The French Generation of 1820. Princeton, NJ.
Voronkov, Viktor (2005): “Proekt ‘šestidesjatnikov’: dviženie protesta v SSSR”,
in: Levada, Jurij/Šanin, Teodor (eds.): Otcy i deti: pokolenčeskij analiz sov-
remennoj Rossii. Moskva, 168-200.
Wartenweiler, David (1999): CivilSociety and Academic Debate in Russia 1905-
1914. New York.
organised gay liberation movement were detectable in
Western Europe. His lifestyle was not only unsavoury to ‘civilsociety’, but also
to other homosexuals, who did not identify with Crisp’s open effeminacy. This
led to him being excluded from the heteronormative community as well as from
its homosexual subculture. The above excerpt exemplifies Crisp’s sarcasm and
sharp humour when disclosing his excluded position and his unwillingness to
conform to social standards. Moreover, Crisp’s auto-biography denotes an often
disengaged attitude towards the Second World War
sustainability, with a rainbow alliance of government, civilsociety
and businesses devising novel strategies for increasing human welfare within planetary
limits, on the other hand, the evidence is that global human enterprise is becoming
rapidly less sustainable and not more. (Adams, 2006)
Many sustainability scholars agree that our current UN-based framework for
sustainability on which businesses, academic institutions, municipalities, and
internal policy setters most often rely, is inadequate in application to the size,
magnitude, and complexity of the pressing
, Volume I.
New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 1991.
---. Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature. 1979. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University
Rose, Hilary, and Steven Rose. Genes, Cells and Brains: The Promethean Promises of
the New Biology. London: Verso, 2012.
Rose, Nikolas. “Becoming Neurochemical Selves.” Biotechnology, Commerce and
CivilSociety. Ed. Nico Stehr. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 2004: 89-128.
---. “The Neurochemical Self and its Anomalies.” Risk and Morality. Eds. Richard
Ericson and Aaron Doyle. Toronto: University of Toronto
words, fictions of business were attractive to these scholars
due to their utility: they could teach different topics in business and management
departments such as business ethics by using fictions of business.
The Cold War ended decades ago and we live in a quite different world today,
where it is easier to lead creative discussions about the motif of business without
talking about Cold War dichotomies such as liberalism, capitalism and com-
munism. This major change in the geopolitical situation and civilsociety has
opened up a new and less fraught space
tiellement dans la Nation. Nul corps, nul individu ne peut exercer d’autorité qui n’en émane
expressément. Als Trägerin der Souveränität figurierte also die Nation, nicht das Volk.92 [Kur-
sivierungen im Original]“ (Schönemann 1992: 323)
91 „The breakdown of corporate ties meant that both within state and civilsociety there was a
new emphasis upon people as individuals rather than members of groups. […] A society of
individuals was simultaneously defined as a polity of citizens. […] This