public, and thus part of the basis of the publicness
of blogging in Lebanon.
Much like in my previous work on journalistic practices at Al-Jazeera (Jurkie-
wicz 2009), my approach here to ethics is not focused on formal ethics codes. Ra-
ther I understand ethics as a reflexive practice. This practice entails what the actors
are actually doing and saying. As Stephen J. A. Ward (2004: 22f) outlines for jour-
nalists, “By ‘ethics’ I mean something more than the accepted, perhaps unreflec-
tive, mores of a social group […] rather I mean norms and principles that journal
Revisiting Martyrs’ Square … again :
Absence and presence in cultural memory
During the Lebanese civil war,1 the area known as Martyrs’ Square (Sahat
al-Shuhadah) was transformed into a line of demarcation between Beirut’s
so-called “Eastern” and “Western” sectors. The Square, previously a thriving
cultural hub, had been a long-standing emblem of Beirut’s cosmopolitanism,
its literary license and its political freedom. In the years 1915 and 1916, this
same square had witnessed the hangings of Beirut’s original martyrs
under the Ottomans, the
A View from Above
Balloon Mapping Bourj Al Shamali
Claudia Martinez Mansell, Mustapha Dakhloul, Firas Ismail
Counter-Cartographies as a Tool for Action
Lebanon currently houses 53 percent of a total of approximately
450,000 registered Palestinian refugees (UNRWA, 2016). Bourj
Al Shamali is located three kilometers east of Tyre in the south
of Lebanon; approximately 22,000 registered refugees live here.
From the original 7,000 refugees who fled or were expelled from
their homes in 1948, the majority of the population in the camp is
.: Non-Cockfights: On Doing/Undoing Gender in Shatila,
Lebanon. London: London School of Economics 2013.
Barr, James: A Line in the Sand. The Anglo-French struggle for the Middle East,
1914-1948. New York: Norton 2011.
Beer, Bettina: Biographische Methode. In: Wörterbuch der Völkerkunde. Hrsg.
von Wolfgang Müller. Neuausgabe, 2. Auflage. Berlin: Reimer 2005.
Bendix, Regina: Reflections on Earthquake Narratives. In: Western Folklore, 49.
Jg. (1990), H.4. Seite 331-347.
Bendix, Regina: Woran erkennt man Mythen? In: Arbeit am Mythos. Hrsg. von
Annette Zgoll und
chenden und verallgemeinernden Kulturalismus eine Absage erteilen, der
68 Vgl. Nelken (Fn. 48), S. 82 f.
69 Z.B. Günter Bierbrauer hat sich solcher bedient, um empirische Rechtskulturfor-
schung zu betreiben, s. „Toward an Understanding of Legal Culture: Variations
in Individualism and Collectivism between Kurds, Lebanese, and Germans“, in:
Law and Society Review, 1994, S. 243 (S. 245 ff.).
70 Freek Bruinsma, „Dutch internal legal culture“, in: Brand/Strempel (Fn. 9), S.
369-379 (S. 377).
has a modest family background. His father
works as a caretaker for a building in the Hamra district, and his mother does basic
administrative work for a bank. Educated in Arabic and French, after leaving school
Hanibaael completed a Bachelor in Political Science at the Lebanese University.
The Lebanese University is the only public institution of higher learning in Leba-
non; all other universities are private. His studies there were in both Arabic and
French. During his university years, he got involved in politics and was a member
of the youth branch of a
Lebanese bloggers have to take it easy on blogging
and not just talk about politics like the newspapers
do. Just do what the European and American
bloggers do, just write about contemporary stuff.
We should discuss more and blogging is the sphere
where we can discuss it.
I’ve been blogging for a long time, so I know very
well what works, what idea you can say that would
keep you safe and not have anyone attack you.
A blog is more official, you know, and more
professional. And it is not flexible, not
Dramaturgy and Research at Tanzquartier Wien (2009-2014), Sandra
Noeth developed a series of research and presentation projects on concepts and
practices of responsibility, religion, integrity and protest in relation to the body.
As an educator, she has been working with DOCH-Stockholm University of the
Arts since 2012 and was Resident Professor in the 2015-16 HWP-program at
Ashkal Alwan, Beirut.
Resilient Bodies, Residual Effects
Artistic Articulations of Borders and Collectivity
from Lebanon and Palestine
The publication of Resilient Bodies, Residual
vision, wishes, goals, financial capacities,
and technical background of the production agents.
The topic and the form of a theater play are restricted by environ-
mental factors condensing their effects on the production process in two
THEATER IN LEBANON
ways. First, they build direct restraints on freedom through governmental
institutions having the confessional institutions in the background, and
second, they exercise indirect pressure on the producers via financial and
technical means. This pressure is due to the dependency of production on