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related social mixing. This makes it a challenging planning object, as the most diverse interests from all spheres of society – state, market, and civil society – constantly collide in at- tempts to transform it. At the same time, these flexible structures, the cultural di- versity and an apparently active and empowered civil society are what makes Brunnenviertel a transformation process full of potentials for a culturized ap- proach to planning. Regarding the material preconditions, the neighborhood might even become a role model of how difference can contribute to


joint patrols with a police officer or the police taking part in educational pre- vention exercises with youth. Recent publications and events also seem to confirm a tendency worldwide to seek closer contact between civil society and the state in an effort to reduce urban violence. 01. At the time of writ- ing these lines, newspapers re- ported of an aver- age of 3 persons killed daily by the police in Bra- zil (Das Erbe der Diktatur. Exzes- sive Polizeigewalt prägt den brasilia- nischen Alltag, 9. 8. 2014.) 08 Kosta Mathéy & sIlvIa MatuK II. Those

?) demands of civil society and individuals ascribed under it, on one side, and the blackmail of inter- national civil society and the tycoon-like individuals under which the state itself is subsumed, on the other. Let’s describe once more this complex logic scenario: we find the state com- pressed in the middle of a double logical pyramid. Starting from above, we find 3 »Im Gegensatze gegen diese Meinung würde ich sagen: es sey die Bestimmung des Staats, jedem erst das Seinige zu geben, ihn in sein Eigenthum erst einzusetzen, und sodann erst, ihn dabei zu schützen

Foreword Mohamed El Sioufi This publication is a timely contribution as it addresses the mounting unmet demand for housing that stems from the almost global absence of government interventions since the 1990s. During the last few years, the international com- munity has joined hands to articulate and formulate major goals, agendas and strategies. These 15- to 20-year perspectives set the backdrop against which key actors, including governments, academia, professionals, developers, civil society and the private sector, should further develop them into

Society“. In: Birgit Schwelling (Hg.), Reconciliation, Civil Society, and the Politics of Memory. Transnational Initiatives in the 20th and 21st Century. (Memory Cultures 2). Bielefeld: transcript, 2012, S. 25-50. Rauer, Valentin, forscht zurzeit im Projekt „Sicherheitskultur im Wandel“ an der Goethe-Universität Frankfurt/Main, Fachbereich Gesellschafts- wissenschaften. Er promovierte zur „Öffentlichen Dimension der Integrati- 370 | DIE INTEGRATIONSDEBATTE ZWISCHEN ASSIMILATION UND DIVERSITÄT on“ am Beispiel von migrationspolitischen Verbänden in Deutschland

Summary Hegemonic struggles within the field of climate politics do not only take place between states and at international negotiating tables. Following Antonio Gramsci, civil society is conceived as the place where negotiations about what is considered adequate or legitimate in climate politics take place. In civil society, a hegemonic consensus is formed. This study examines the contestation and reproduction of this consensus during the Climate Summit 2009 in Copenhagen. The objects of research are the demands of transnational NGOs and social

- cieties. The ways in which this line is (re)negotiated among different groups and actors involved in relationships of solidarity merits further research. It would be particularly fruitful to learn how this line is contested through re- lationships of solidarity forged in different geographical areas and temporal contexts. 7.2. The Contested Line between ‘the State’ and ‘Civil Society’ Another issue that provoked different understandings and positions was the relationship between ‘the state’ and its citizen-subjects. As one of my inter- locutors, a representative of the

236 Contested Solidarity over committed citizens did not go uncontested, while volunteers proved to remain to a certain extent ungovernable. Volunteers did often not hesitate to voice dissent towards governmental actors, to point at shortcomings in the handling of asylum seekers and to demand reforms. What is more, my investigation illustrated that the shifting of responsi- bilities from ‘the state’ to committed citizens not only extended governmen- tal control and power over the sphere of ‘civil society’ but, at the same time, opened up new possibilities for

how the state government of Baden-Württemberg intervened in order to organize, regulate and coor- dinate practices of refugee support. Guided by the idea that refugee support requires governmental interference in order to be ‘effective’, governmental actors launched numerous policies and programmes targeting the section of ‘civil society’ concerned with refugees. Around the long summer of migra- tion, thus, solidarity with refugees became a major site of governmental in- tervention. Put differently, the state government sought to govern the rising numbers of asylum

Entscheidungsfindungsprozesse haben, darüber diskutieren Wissenschaftler_innen verschiedener Disziplinen schon Malte T impte302 seit etlichen Jahren. In der Politikwissenschaft wird zum Beispiel die Rolle der Zivil- oder Bürgergesellschaft (civil society), meist mit Fokus auf Nicht- Regierungsorganisationen und sozialen Bewegungen, im Verhältnis zu na- tionalstaatlicher Politik oder im Rahmen internationaler Foren untersucht (z.B. Young 1997; Walk/Brunnengräber 2000; Derman 2014). Die Soziologie befasst sich vor allem mit theoretischen Konzepten hinter dem Begriff der Weltgesellschaft