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Transnational Civil Society’s Contribution to Reconciliation An Introduction BIRGIT SCHWELLING The idea for this book has emerged out of the unease with developments in a field that since the 1990s we have become known to summarize under the neologism ‘transitional justice’. Within a relatively short time, transitional justice became the standard formula for a broad range of concepts, instru- ments, and measures dealing with atrocities such as genocide, torture, civil conflict, disappearances, and other human rights violations.1 Originally a label

7. Civil society actors two NGOs The involvement of civil society actors in the process of legal regulation of prior consultation in Brazil is much harder to grasp than for the Working Group, as it oc- curred parallel to the official regulation procedure in many decentralized workshops and seminars. Nevertheless, these acts influenced the participants of regulation, their knowledge on national and international legislation and possible interpretations, as well as related legislative projects, and current conflicts involving the question of prior consultation

Die civil society als feine Kunst betrachtet Werner Schiffauer Die letzten zwei Jahre waren Sternstunden für die deutsche Zivilgesellschaft. In einer unerwartet produktiven Weise ist sie mit den Herausforderungen um- gegangen, die sich mit der Ankunft einer großen Zahl Geflüchteter stellten, und hat darüber zu einem neuen Selbstverständnis gefunden. In einer Viel- zahl von Projekten wurden vor allem auf lokaler Ebene neue Formen des Um- gangs mit gesellschaftlicher Vielfalt entwickelt. Im ersten Band der Publika- tion So schaffen wir das – eine

Transnational Initiatives in the 20th and 21st Century

4. Java Islam: Civil Society and Symbolic Politics of Tradition 4. Java Islam: Civil Society and Symbolic Politics of Tradition Visioning the Postmodern Condition in Javanese Tradition Java and the Postmodern Condition Pramoeya Anate Toer describes the decline of Java’s dominance of the seas and the concomitant rise of Dutch control. He shows the decline of Sultan Agun’s reign in Mataram, which coincided with the purely symbolic stan- dardization of Nyai Roro Kidal, the Queen of the South Sea, the lover of each king of Mataram, generation after generation

Local Civil Society and the New Puzzle of Violence in Central America Heidrun Zinecker The new puzzle of violence in Central America Central America1 is currently considered the most violent region in the world. It leads the world in homicide rate, ahead of the Middle East and Sub-Saharan Africa. The ratio of murders is ten times higher than the world average (ONU 2012–05–16). Unlike periods of recent history, when Central America was characterised by revolutions, civil war, and military dictatorship, nowadays violence in this region is predominantly

- lationships of solidarity forged in different geographical areas and temporal contexts. 7.2. The Contested Line between ‘the State’ and ‘Civil Society’ Another issue that provoked different understandings and positions was the relationship between ‘the state’ and its citizen-subjects. As one of my inter- locutors, a representative of the state government of Baden-Württemberg, put it, she struggled with the following question: “How far should the state’s sphere of action extend and how useful is it if civil society assumes certain responsibilities?”.The unprecedented

10. Italy 10.1 CIVIL SOCIE T Y’S ROLE IN THE FIGHT AGAINST THE ’NDR ANGHE TA by Claudio La Camera* Introduction This paper presents the role played by Italian civil society in the prevention of and fight against the ’Ndrangheta – a Mafia organization whose roots are in Calabria (a southern region in Italy) but which nowadays has expanded its presence across the whole country and all over the world. Using a critical approach, the paper aims to describe the work conducted by civil society organizations in the field in order to give an overview of the

Evaluación De Gobierno, Trimestre 21 de Felipe Calderón, February 2012. * Ingrid Spiller was manager of the Mexico, Central America, and Caribbean regional office of the Heinrich Böll Foundation from February 2007 to May 2012. At present, she is Head of the Latin America department at the Heinrich Böll Foundation in Berlin. 6. Mexico170 Juan Francisco’s murder became a wake-up call for the paralyzed civil society. He was a member of “mainstream society” with no suspicion of links to organized crime, nor was he connected to the circles of money and power. Sicilia is

Practices of Refugee Support between Humanitarian Help and Political Activism