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rewritingmodernity is a technique that does not provide knowledge of the past, but which »presupposes that the past itself is the actor or agent that gives to the mind the elements with which the scene will be constructed«7. Here, with this methodolog- ical statement, Lyotard positions himself in the history of philosophy: »For what is in play here is not the ›recognition‹ of the given, as Kant says, but the ability to let things come as they present themselves. Following that sort of attitude, every moment, every now is an ›opening oneself to‹«8. He aligns himself with Theodor

claiming that Greek philosophy acquired all its wisdom from the biblical prophets and subsequently deformed it. In doing so, he places Christianity in direct succession to these prophets, thereby granting Christians unrestricted access to the unadulterated truth. Consequently, Christian con- cepts are thus given a priority by which they are characterized as superior despite their similarity to pagan concepts. Additionally, Octavius provides this example to demonstrate how a Christian approach to the history of philosophy that does not entirely reject pagan

moral sentiments, in: Journal of the History of Philosophy 33, 1995, 275–300; Shoji Tanaka, The main Themes and Structure of Moral Philosophy and the Formation of Political Economy in Adam Smith, in: Tatsuja Sakamoto/Hideo Tanaka (Hrsg.), The Rise of Political Economy in the Scottish Enlightenment. London 2003; Georg J. Andree, Sympathie und Unparteilichkeit: Adam Smiths System der natürlichen Moralität. Paderborn 2003. 20 Vgl. etwa Francis Hutcheson, Short Introduction to Moral Philosophy. Glasgow 1747. MORAL DER ÖKONOMIE UND ÖKONOMIE DER MORAL | 77 cher

-Century Domains, Berkeley/Los Angeles: University of California Press 1995, S. 112-151. — „Preforming the Categories: Eighteenth-Century Generation Theory and the Biological Roots of Kant’s A Priori,“ in: Journal of the History of Philosophy 40 (2002), S. 229-253. — „Natural History,“ in: Knud Haakonssen (Hg.), The Cambridge History of Eighteenth-Century Philosophy, Bd. 2, Cambridge: Cambridge Uni- versity Press 2006, S. 903-938. Sommer, Andreas Urs: Geschichte als Trost. Isaak Iselins Geschichts- philosophie, Basel: Schwabe 2002. — Sinnstiftung durch Geschichte? Zur