rewritingmodernity is a technique that does not provide knowledge of the past, but
which »presupposes that the past itself is the actor or agent that gives to the mind the
elements with which the scene will be constructed«7. Here, with this methodolog-
ical statement, Lyotard positions himself in the historyofphilosophy: »For what
is in play here is not the ›recognition‹ of the given, as Kant says, but the ability to
let things come as they present themselves. Following that sort of attitude, every
moment, every now is an ›opening oneself to‹«8. He aligns himself with Theodor
claiming that Greek philosophy acquired all its wisdom
from the biblical prophets and subsequently deformed it. In doing so, he places
Christianity in direct succession to these prophets, thereby granting Christians
unrestricted access to the unadulterated truth. Consequently, Christian con-
cepts are thus given a priority by which they are characterized as superior
despite their similarity to pagan concepts.
Additionally, Octavius provides this example to demonstrate how a
Christian approach to the historyofphilosophy that does not entirely reject
moral sentiments, in: Journal of
the HistoryofPhilosophy 33, 1995, 275–300; Shoji Tanaka, The main Themes and
Structure of Moral Philosophy and the Formation of Political Economy in Adam
Smith, in: Tatsuja Sakamoto/Hideo Tanaka (Hrsg.), The Rise of Political Economy
in the Scottish Enlightenment. London 2003; Georg J. Andree, Sympathie und
Unparteilichkeit: Adam Smiths System der natürlichen Moralität. Paderborn 2003.
20 Vgl. etwa Francis Hutcheson, Short Introduction to Moral Philosophy. Glasgow
MORAL DER ÖKONOMIE UND ÖKONOMIE DER MORAL | 77
Berkeley/Los Angeles: University of California Press 1995, S. 112-151.
— „Preforming the Categories: Eighteenth-Century Generation Theory and
the Biological Roots of Kant’s A Priori,“ in: Journal of the HistoryofPhilosophy 40 (2002), S. 229-253.
— „Natural History,“ in: Knud Haakonssen (Hg.), The Cambridge History
of Eighteenth-Century Philosophy, Bd. 2, Cambridge: Cambridge Uni-
versity Press 2006, S. 903-938.
Sommer, Andreas Urs: Geschichte als Trost. Isaak Iselins Geschichts-
philosophie, Basel: Schwabe 2002.
— Sinnstiftung durch Geschichte? Zur