has also grown, not least as a result of the boom in socialgeography.
Conversely, the ‘spatial turn’ in the humanities and social sciences since the 1980s
has also seen the concept of space grow in prominence in analyses of social struc-
tures and social action (Schroer 2008). In the 1990s, extensive studies were carried
out of the importance of national identity and the distinction between nationalism
and patriotism (Fleiss et. al. 2009; Parker 2010; Blank/Schmidt 2003; Weiss/Rein-
precht 2004; Kosterman/Feshbach 1989). As the European Union underwent suc-