bility-impairment distinction and the concept of normalcy—one can see the
various roles disabilities, including epilepsy, play in literature. An under-
standing of these central issues is necessary for understanding the theoriza-
tion of epilepsy metaphors in the chapter that follows.
Similar to likeminded academic fields theorizing minorities such as
gender, ethnic and queer studies, disability studies develops as an academic
counterpart to the earlier transnational socialmovements that began in San
Francisco at the end of the 1950s. The most prominent one
, 1998. 53-72.
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fession/defence with direct bearing on oneself, are blurred. In the court-
room, as Radstone correctly claims, “[a]t stake in the discourse of the
confessant is the question of their guilt or innocence” (2006: 168). With
regard to the male confessional novel, the subject of the confession is
not so much about guilt or innocence, but as we will see, inadequacy.
2 Furthermore, I would like to maintain that against the background of the
new socialmovements and the bulk of work that has been accom-
plished in queer theory, the masculine behaviour displayed in the
by a short
digression to a verbal exchange between Judith Butler and Nancy Fraser.
Lamenting what she perceives as a new factionalism in the social and political
criticism of the Left in her article “Merely Cultural” (1997)13, Butler defies the
notion of a clear-cut distinction between the material/the economic on the one
hand, and identity politics and emancipatory socialmovements on the other.
13 “Merely Cultural,” Social Text 52/53 (1997): 265-277.
Butler criticizes, more
, composed of the intimate sphere
(especially the family), the sphere of associations (especially voluntary associa-
tions), socialmovements, and forms of public communications” (ibid). Political lit-
erature is situated in the last and presents a form of public communication: It par-
takes in the complex dialogue between authors, readers, publishers, critics, and
more. The intermingling of private and public concern and the discussion of values
takes place inside this sphere.
Indeed, civil society – in a democratic system – enjoys a privileged (because
the War in
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2010. vii-xi. Print. SocialMovements, Protest, and Contention 33.
Taylor, Lib. “The Experience of Immediacy: Emotion and Enlistment in Fact-Based
Theatre.” Studies in Theatre and Performance 31.2 (2011): 223-237. Taylor & Francis
Online. Web. 4 May 2016.
Taylor, Paul. “Artefacts, Bush Theatre, London.” The Independent. The Independent,
29 February 2008. Web. 3 April 2017.
—. “Days of Significance, Swan Theatre, Stratford-Upon-Avon.”The Independent. The
family life, is
placed under strict discipline and control by the governing power. Its
basic objective is to produce “a human being who can be treated as
a docile body” (ibid: 289). Where there is power there is resistance.
And there is likewise resistance on the part of the disciplined. The
more collective and organized the institutions of the “late-modern”,
the greater the isolation and individuation of the subject. This is the
The fifth rupture concerns feminism, which, along with other
socialmovements, paves the ways for identity politics
missionary institutions and
non-missionary conservative groups at home and, later, by critics – was that
the missionary field represented a chance ‘to get rid’ of some of the subver-
sive new women by means of ‘outsourcing’ them to a faraway country.
There, they could engage in charitable work, for instance, by working as
medical doctors or teachers, but they were not threatening gender structures
at home. This way, they did not present a “challenge to their own society”
in the manner of American-based women who belonged to the socialmovements and organizations
These readings indicate what I conceive of as the three phases of Asian
American Studies in its self-conception.
From its initiation, Asian American
Studies has been concerned with the struggle of Asian Americans to negotiate
their place and position in the United States. It has its roots in the activism of the
1960s (1). As part of the political and socialmovements of the 1960s, Asian
Americans fought for better living conditions (for example, housing, health care,
education, unemployment). The field’s initiation was also a protest against the