the theoryofliterature. It has been introduced by Aristotle in his poetics.
This happens in a paragraph were he discusses in particular words and
their use. The Metaphor is not a class of words but rather a particular usage
Its definition is: “A metaphor is the application of a noun which prop-
erly applies to something else. The transfer may be from the genus to the
species, from the species to the genus or according the rules of analogy.”4
3 | For this dif ferentiation see my ar ticles “Leibliche Anwesenheit im Raum,” in
: “La première fois que
je vis un tableau de Pierre Soulages, ce fut un choc. Je reçus, au creux de l’estomac, un coup, qui me fit
vaciller, comme le boxeur, touché, qui soudain s’abîme. C’est exactement l’impression que j’avais éprouvée
à la première vue du masque dan.” Cf. Sunday O. Anozie, Structural Models and African Poetics: Towards
a Pragmatic TheoryofLiterature (Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1981), 94; Hans Belting and Andrea
Buddensieg, Ein Afrikaner in Paris: Léopold Sédar Senghor und die Zukunft der Moderne (Munich: C.H.
Beck, 2018), 132.
of the founders of the linguistic circle of Moscow
and an influential participant of the poetry group Opoyaz, an acronym formed
by the initial letters of the Russian words for the “society for the study of poetic
language”. During his early career at the beginning of the twentieth century, he
focused on the research of language from a purely formalistic point of view. At
this point in time, Russian formalism was not yet a semiotic current; it dealt with
questions of esthetics and the theoryofliterature. Jakobson later became a mem-
ber of the linguistic