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Urbanes Wachstum und städtische Parks im 19. Jahrhundert
Series: Urban Studies

response to 9/11 and the boom in urban rebuilding and rejuvenation projects. This also resonates with current concerns Risk and Resilience 83 about sustainability, climate change and conservation. As a result, resilience has emerged as a key term in urban studies and city planning (Chelleri 2012). Historians have been eager to capitalise on this trend. Resilience has become a trendy topic for panel presentations, with the 2018 International Conference on Urban History taking Renewal and Resilience as its motto. For some urban histori- ans, the term simply offers a

River (Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2014) and co-edited volumes on urban fires (University of Wisconsin Press, 2012), the management of natural resources (Berghahn Books, 2014) and city-river relations (Pittsburgh University Press, 2016). His current work explores the intersections of mobilities and the environment. Madgin, Rebecca, professor of urban studies at the University of Glasgow, is an urban historian who works broadly on the relationship between heritage and place-making. More specifically, her research examines the emotional and eco- nomic values of

correspond with other human and non-human actants. Farias (2010) tried to adopt the ANT as a “toolbox for Urban Studies” (Farias 2010: 2-4). Up to now, studies using ANT have mainly focused on more recent urban development but the approach is favoured by some urban historians as a concept which ref lects historical change in a more complex way than PD theory (Janssens/ Soens 2019). This shows that PD approaches are critically discussed and contested in the field of urban studies. However, most historians will be less interested in prob- lems of modelling and

School, which in turn was an important inf luence on early urban-environmental history in the US. Martin Melosi and Joel Tarr were among the first scholars who in reaction to both environmental history’s sticking with non-urban environments and urban studies’ ignorance of non-human nature defined and advocated “The Place of the City in Environmental History” (Melosi 1993). Strongly inf luenced by William Cronon’s (1991) “Nature’s Metropolis”, a next generation of US scholars took the interconnectedness of urban and non-urban Urban-Environmental History as a

Technosphere Chris Otter The explosive urbanisation of the post-1945 world has stimulated a productive dis- cussion about the concepts and object of urban studies. For some scholars, urban- isation is now a global phenomenon that has rendered the concept of ‘the city’ ob- solete. In 1963, the urban designer Melvin Webber declared that “all space is urban space” (cited in Fard 2013: n.p.). Four years later, the Greek architect Constantinos Doxiadis argued that urbanisation appeared irreversible, with the planet destined to become a single city. He coined the

, urban studies and urban-environmental history. On the one hand, it will provide an overview of the historical use of the trope of ‘circulating’ matter and ‘circulation’, and of its appropriation as a paradigm in ur- ban as well as historical research. On the other hand, it will argue that circulatory Heike Weber126 thinking has epistemic limitations and blind spots. In an age that has coined the term Anthropocene, and in which urban studies reason about a conf lictual plan- etary urbanisation (Brenner 2014), environmental historians should problematise this

history, urban studies, archaeology, architecture, planning history and critical heritage studies, has consistently sought to examine the ways in which historic buildings have been considered within urban devel- opment strategies. The chapter will consider first the relationship between urban change and urban conservation and second the extent to which urban conserva- tion has moved from the margins to the mainstream of urban development and sustainability strategies. This discussion also touches on some key ideas and de- bates that have framed research as well as

(Easterling 2016; 2 The conference was co-sponsored by the Department of Technology, Culture, and Society, NYU Tandon School of Engineering; Universit̀ a Ca’ Foscari, Venice; NYU Shanghai; and the Department of Urban Studies at the New School. In June 2017, the NYU Tandon School and NYU Paris sponsored ‘Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Urban Infrastructure Conference Urban Infrastructure and The Environment‘, Paris, France. Urban Infrastructure and the Cultural Turn 149 Graham/Marvin 2001; Graham/McFarlane 2015; Marklund/Rudiger 2017; Cou- tard/Rutherford 2018