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Public Monuments, Memorial Churches and the Creation of Serbian National Identity in the 19th Century Nenad Makuljević (Belgrade) During the 19th century, the process of erecting public monuments was in full swing all over Europe (cf. Nipperdey 1968, 1977; Hoffman-Curtius 1985; Mittig 1987; Koselleck et al. 1994; Allings 1996; Mai 1997; Berggren 1999). Even though public monuments had been erected since the oldest times, it was in the 19th century that they started to flourish. The chronology of erection of memorials shows that this process reached its

Transient Histories: Memory and Movements within the 19th Century Caribbean MATTHEW J. SMITH On Memory and Caribbean Migration Which aspects of the history of a country are committed to social memory? This question has captivated scholars for generations – even more intensely over the past two decades with the explosion in memory studies – and is an important one to contemplate in this volume’s inquiries into the Caribbean as a “crossroads” connected by history and geography to other regions (Klein 2000). Since the pioneering work of French

Between Politics and Dynastic Survival: 19th-Century Monarchy in Post-Revolutionary Europe (1815-1918) Torsten Riotte INTRODUCTION: ROYAL FAMILIES AND DYNASTIC FAMILY NETWORKS The French historian Lucien Bély has offered an intriguing interpretation of mo- narchical life during the Early Modern period (cf. 1999: 410-535). In his study of the so-called ‘society of princes’ he argues that the social life of those belonging to European dynasties always comprised a political dimension. As Bély convinc- ingly demonstrates, a dynastic wedding or

On the Confrontation between Perennial Models in 19th Century Halmahera (Indonesia) JOS D.M. PLATENKAMP »[...] the confidence that we place in the incorrigible vagueness we call certainty.« JOSÉ SARAMAGO, SMALL MEMORIES* PROGNOSTICATION AS VALORISATION Prognostication – the culturally specific praxis of foretelling future events – requires the presence of two types of representations in the cultural repertoire of the society in question.1 One type of representa- * Saramago 2010

From the Bridal Letter to Online Flirting Changes in Text Type from the 19th Century to the Internet Era EVA L. WYSS 1 HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE A love letter is a “metasign” of love, as Roland Barthes notes in his work Frag- ments d’un discours amoureux, published in 1977. This semiotic term reveals the love letter’s function: as a whole it signifies – or, more broadly, expresses1 – the writer’s love. This illocutive force evolves in interaction with the socio-cultural knowledge of the text type “love letter” and love discourse in general.2 In

Disciplining the ›Other‹: Frictions and Continuations in Conceptualizing the ›Zigeuner‹ in the 18th and 19th Century CHRISTIAN POMMERENING Ever since immigrant groups called Zigeuner (gypsy)1 entered medieval Europe’s consciousness, they have been the subject of excited reporting. Up until today, both derogatory and romanticizing images, shaped and handed down through the centuries, have been inscribed in collective memory. At the same time, these images are intertwined with European Enlightenment and the subsequent scientification of social

Discussion: Commentary on Disciplinary Spaces: Spatial Control, Forced Assimilation and Narratives of ›Progress‹ since the 19th Century MATTHEW HANNAH The commentary to follow is shaped by the positionality of a researcher who was once deeply involved in studying the kinds of »disciplinary spaces« detailed in this volume (Hannah 1993), whose empirical interests have since moved into different fields, but who has closely followed developments in theories of spatial power relations over the past 20+ years. Given this background as a ›former

Coolie Transformations – Uncovering the Changing Meaning and Labour Relations of Coolie Labour in the Dutch Empire (18th and 19th Century) MATTHIAS VAN ROSSUM INTRODUCTION: WHAT’S IN A NAME? Coolie labour is often defined as indentured contract-labour migration, and its history is associated especially with the coolie trade from the 1830s and 1840s onwards. The Encyclopædia Britannica for example, describes the term “coolie, or cooly” as being used “in a special sense to designate those natives of India and China who leave their country under

Processes of Cultural Transfer in 19th-Century Literature: The Caribbean within the Context of the Cultural Radiance of Europe, exemplified by France and Spain (1789-1886) GESINE MÜLLER A Comparison of Processes of Circulation and Transfer The comparative approach to the literary production of the former colonies of France and Spain is not about static entities, but about processes of transfer and circulation that unfold simultaneously, subject to very diverse dynamics, between the center

The construction of an Italian diasporic identity in the city of Buenos Aires at the turn of the 19th century Daniela Anabel González Introduction Between the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th, Argentina experienced one of the biggest population increases in its history as a con- sequence of a f lood of transatlantic migration. This explosion in population caused deep and far-reaching transformations in culture as well as in the physiognomy of the affected urban centers. The city of Buenos Aires grew to be one of the most densely