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Ethnicity from an anthropological perspective CHRISTOPH ANTWEILER Among the main questions discussed in relation to ethnicity, viewed from an interdisciplinary angle, are the following: Is ethnicity a specific cultural form of identity, or merely a variant of collective identity? Is ethnicity a phenomenon of all human societies, or primarily a trait of small-scale societies? Is ethnicity of less importance in functionally differentiated modern societies? How much relevance should be given to ethnicity in an emerging cosmopolitan or plural world

Criminality, Deviance, and Anthropological Diversity Narratives of Inborn Criminality and Atavism in Late Imperial Russia (1880-1900) Riccardo Nicolosi “Lombroso was here. He is a naive and limited old man.” (Tolstoi 1953, 150).1 With this ironic sentence Lev Tolstoi marked Cesare Lombroso’s vi- sit to Iasnaia Poliana in August 1897 in his diary. Lombroso, the founder of the Italian positivist school of criminology, also known as “criminal anthropology,” had come to Moscow in order to attend the International Medical Congress (Mazzarello 1998

World War I and the Cultural Sciences in Europe
Series: Histoire, 12

Anthropology of Borders and Frontiers The Case of the Polish-German Borderland (1945-1980) Agata Ładykowska and Paweł Ładykowski INTRODUCTION In this paper we illustrate social processes, practices, and views that his- torically preceded the most recent formation of Polish-German border- land. With the enlargement of the European Union, scholarly attention has turned to new configurations of political community and economic cooperation at and across its borders. The claim has been made that there is an increasing need to reconceptualize the meanings and

Part I: Friendship in India – a ‘social phenomenon of modernity’? And what if we had never been modern? Comparative anthropology would then be possible. The networks would have a place of their own. BRUNO LATOUR (1993: 10) Regarding social transformation in the context of higher education, I begin this thesis by pursuing the question: how does social anthropology deal with the term ‘modernity’? Such an outline seems topical, considering that for a long time the discipline objected to drawing a rather static picture of the ‘far’ and ‘cultural

Philosophic-anthropological implications of fashion PSEUDO-TRAGEDY Unlike animals, man is a self-staging and self-reflecting being that is seek- ing for recognition. Fashionable clothes serve here as a requisite, since they support the staging of a person on the stage of everyday life and influence how a person is perceived by others (‘spectators’). For people – especially at a first meeting – are governed by outward appearances, as KANT notes: “The saying ‘clothes make the man’ holds to a certain extent even for intelligent people. To be sure

47 Doing Anthropology in Russian Military Uniform1 MARINA MOGILNER Th e interplay between two of the most signifi cant categories in post-Hegelian European modernity—total war and race—has not been subject to analysis within the narrative of Russian history. “Race” was seen as the natural, his- torically conditioned human collective, a synthesis between a discrete human subspecies and the unique artefact of its “spirit.” “Total war” was regarded in certain circles as an ideal mechanism for the selection of peoples of superior vitality, able collectively to

47 Doing Anthropology in Russian Military Uniform1 MARINA MOGILNER Th e interplay between two of the most signifi cant categories in post-Hegelian European modernity—total war and race—has not been subject to analysis within the narrative of Russian history. “Race” was seen as the natural, his- torically conditioned human collective, a synthesis between a discrete human subspecies and the unique artefact of its “spirit.” “Total war” was regarded in certain circles as an ideal mechanism for the selection of peoples of superior vitality, able collectively to