Projekt entlang der materialen Gegebenheiten, fokus-
siert stets auf funktionierende Resultate und orientiert sich dabei an
Zielen, die sich abhängig vom Projektverlauf jeweils verändern (Knorr-
Cetina 1984: 65).1 Dieses Vorgehen entspricht der »intelligenten Praxis«
1 Ein ähnliches Vorgehen können Greenhalgh et al. für den Gebrauch standardi-
sierter Testergebnisse im klinischen Gebrauch beobachten: »When the scores
and the clinicalpicture of the patient agreed, the scores were used to back up
clinical opinion. However, when the scores and the clinicalpicture of the
their lives? And, of course, there is the question as to whether
‘we’ should withdraw nutrition and let ‘them’ die? Please keep in
THE SYNDROME WE CARE FOR
mind that we are talking of severely disabled people with a heteroge-
neous clinicalpicture. Even experts do not know how to categorize
them ‘properly’. The same experts frequently feel the need to avoid
generalized predictions about outcomes or treatment. So there are no
clear-cut answers to any of these questions. Rather, there are issues
to do with quality, with the level of cumbersome care, and case man
subject by determining her being in space through the
monitoring of light, controlling what can be seen or not seen. As much as
visual technologies were able to discipline bodies in “panoptic”
architecture, surveillance medicine employed photography and portraiture
in its efforts to “provide for” a population’s health. The distancing from the
PORTRAITURE | 105
body of the individual patient allowed for a new clinicalpicture. The
increased focus on the space between bodies made it possible, on the one
hand, to visually document health risks on a broader
lethargy, stupor-like or agitated behaviour. In these cases, depressive phenomena
also frequently characterized the clinicalpicture.
Niederland expressly points out that the above enumeration is not to be
considered as a complete classification of the psychiatric consequences of
Nazi persecution, but that it represents an overview of some clinical or
psychodynamically significant aspects. Moreover, mental symptoms that
were the result of organic injuries to the brain or concussion, caused by
blows on the head or other forms of ill-treatment, have not been
Adults.” In: Journal of Aging Studies 18/2, pp.143-
Dullemen, Inez van (1976): Vroeger is dood, Amsterdam: Em. Querido’s
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Cultural Representations of Later Life, New York: Routledge.
Gerritsen, Debby L./Kuin, Yolande/Nijboer, Jessika (2014): “Dementia in
the Movies: The ClinicalPicture.” In: Aging & Mental Health 18/3, pp.
Gibson, Faith (2011): Reminiscence and Life Story Work: A Practice
Guide, London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Halbwachs, Maurice (1992 [1925
/Nijboer, Jessika (2014): “Dementia in
the Movies: The ClinicalPicture.” In: Ageing and Mental Health 18/3,
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through Language.” In: Lancet 376//9741, pp. 586-587.
Gravagne, Pamela H. (2013): The Becoming of Age: Cinematic Visions of
Mind, Body and Identity in Later Life. Jefferson: McFarland and Com-
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DSM-IV: The Pleasures and Pitfalls of Celluloid Diagnosis.” In: Psy-
chiatric Services 54, pp. 807-808.
Helsby, Wendy (ed
visual. The chart stands in for the array of symptoms, behaviors, con-
versations, delusions, etcetera that would have made up a written account of M.B.’s
case. Arnaud’s linear rendering of M.B.’s medical history is an operation of both
synthesis and abstraction. From verbal description to linear transcription, M.B.’s
clinicalpicture is portrayed as a succession of points and sharp lines.
For Arnaud’s like-minded colleagues in the early 20th century, the benefits of
moving from words to lines were clear. Étienne-Jules Marey, the French physiolo-
individuals present in the surgery as people who believe they are living
in the wrong body. Schorsch observed that transsexuals with great persistence
23 | Sigusch, Meyenburg and Reiche (1979) organised their clinicalpicture of transsexual
individuals according to twelve cardinal symptoms.
Negotiating the Borders of the Gender Regime 76
strive to get rid of the body with its hated attributes (Schorsch 1974: 195). In
their fourth cardinal symptom, Sigusch, Meyenburg and Reiche specified that
transsexual individuals react to their gender-specific features, in particular
Grundlagen und aktuelle Diskurse, Bielefeld:
Frewer, Andreas/Holzhauser, Luise/Kerwagen, Simon/Schmidhuber Marti-
na (2017): »Ethik der Demenzbehandlung – Sprache und Medical Hu-
manities«, in: Gräßel/Pendergrass (2017), 149–166.
Gerritsen, Debby L./Kuin, Yolande/Nijboer, Jessika (2014): »Dementia in
the movies: the clinicalpicture«, in: Aging & Mental Health 18, 3
Gosselink, Carol A. (2005): »›Continuities‹ in The Notebook«, in:
PsycCRITI-QUES 50, 27 (2005). (no pagination specified).
Gräf, Irene (2007): »Ach Luise«, Film, Köln