ical qualities. This approach to media as urban and democratic action was taken
up by various groups involved in grassroots media activism. Through the connec-
tion of subversive media practice and urban activism, it can be understood as an
early form of urban hacking. In addition, it highlights the connection between
urban and media actions (Krewani 2014).
These different actions and concepts have shaped an understanding of urban
media which is transformed and heightened with the advent of digital media, as
Eric Kluitenberg argues. In his view, we
transducing, measuring and simulating ecolog-
ical relationships. Telegraph wires, radios and computer code, amongst many
other world building technical media, have the potential to act as a grid which
covers the Earth, encircling the globe, and in fact setting the conditions on the
relationships within this constructed sphere. The two sections, which offer two
different methods of analysis, one focused on hardware, the other on software,
suggest the possibilities of a technologically focused study of eco-media, which
highlights the production of what Sloterdijk terms
interested in how energy, water and ICT infrastructures reproduce the multiple
geographies, power relations and socio-materialities of a city.
Notteboom, Bruno, is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Architecture of KU
Leuven. His current research deals with the relationship between design, (ecolog-
Author Bios 219
ical) science, society and politics, from both a historical and a contemporary per-
spective. His research team focuses on the relationship between urban planning,
ecological design and citizen’s practices in the Brussels Capital Region. His most
deferred through institutional-
ized injustice, ideology, and violence, capitalist expansion runs up against ecolog-
ical frontiers, the transgression of which increasingly destabilizes earth’s support
systems.The present, near, and far future impacts of this transgression are difficult
to ignore and pressure to act comes from both scientific and non-scientific com-
munities. Global politics of late pushes a range of agendas to face ecological and
social challenges, in particular climate change. Yet, growth itself remains sacro-
sanct and is not up to debate. Instead it
it seems at times to be quite unreal. The
United States and other political environments seem full of Orwellian 1984
language games to the point that we now have alternative facts and fake news.
The world is changing rapidly and is full of wicked problems, amazing oppor-
tunities, and complex challenges that seem difficult to fathom and act upon.
Climate change and income inequity would rise to the top for me as problems.
We seem to be missing the courage and wisdom to address our current ecolog-
ical, economic, and social realities. We are becoming more of a
tourist destinations. He has also been guest professor at a number of universities;
i.e., TU Karlsruhe; TU Darmstadt, Department of Social Science; the University
of Frankfurt; and Willems Business College Sydney; and has given public lec-
tures at European, Asian and American Universities. Among his publications,
the most well-known is The Fifth Layer of Jakarta (English) and Kota Tanpa
Warga (City Without Citizens (Indonesian).
Sikder, Sujit Kumar, is a research associate at the Leibniz Institute of Ecolog-
ical Urban and Regional Development (IOER) in Germany
cles, Conference Papers, and Reports, auf: http://www.library.cornell.
LITERATURVERZEICHNIS | 253
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