Autobiography of a Fugitive Negro (1855)
His parents escaped with their three-year-old son Samuel from a plantation in
Maryland in 1820. After they reached New Jersey and later, New York, Ward
began a career as a teacher, pastor, journalist and political candidate for the Liberty
Party. Not least, he became a well-known abolitionist and active public speaker,
and quickly entered the league of Black leaders in the nineteenth century. He was
renowned for his sharp rhetoric as an orator, and has been “ranked next to
-first century reveals that the heroization of dogs is not exceptional at all.
In fact, it is so ubiquitous that it begs for a scholarly analysis.
This chapter therefore explores how dogs are heroized in twenty-first-cen-
tury U.S. culture, focusing on nonfictional accounts of dogs serving in mili-
tary and quasi-military contexts. By doing so, it seeks to combine heroism
studies and Human-Animal Studies to explore interactions between humans
and animals and the ways in which humans use animals to make sense of
their world. Animals help in constructing identities and
paper thus provides a contribution to the study of expressionist translation during World
War I, to the internationality of the German avant-garde and to the changing attitude of
German intellectuals from war enthusiasm to war criticism.
Title: »What Remains of Heroism?« Clandestine Authorship in Klabund’s Chinese
Poetic Adaptations Dumpfe Trommel und berauschtes Gong (Muffled Drum and Intoxi-
cated Gong, 1915)
Keywords: Klabund (1890-1928); poetic adaptation; World War I; German Expres-
sionism; Li Bai (701-762)
Die bis heute unterschätzte Internationalität der