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4. Understanding customary laws in the context of legal pluralism Gebre Yntiso Introduction Legal pluralism, which is defined as the co-existence of more than one legal system in a given social field (Pospisil 1971, Griffiths 1986, Moore 1986 in Merry 1988:870), is prevalent in contemporary Ethiopia, as in other parts of Africa. Five normative legal regimes (one state law and four non-state laws) can be identified in the coun- try.The codified state lawwas introduced from Europe in the 1960s and subsequent laws were issued later. The non-state legal systems

11. Kontract: A hybrid form of law among the Sidama Muradu Abdo Introduction Three legal regimes govern the Sidama’s land.These partly support and partly com- pete with and contradict each other, leading recently to the emergence of new dis- putes and concerns. The three legal systems are utuwa (customary land law), state land laws and kon- tract (a new hybrid form of land law). Utuwa refers to Sidama customary norms and institutions, under which individual farmers enjoy usufruct rights over agricultural landwhile the ownership rights reside with the clans. State

Aged by Law Ages of Life in Austrian Law Jürgen Pirker/Nora Melzer-Azodanloo There are far more than one thousand regulations1 concerning age in all areas of Austrian law, such as civil, criminal, labor, or administrative law, to mention only a few. It is inevitable that age limits are concerns of law mak- ing and legal regulations, but is it law that defines us as ‘young’ or ‘old’? What influence does law have on our perceptions of age and life phases? Basically, we have to differentiate between chronological age and what soci- ety associates with the

Laws for Enemies JULIA ECKERT Introduct ion The ‘war on terror’ has affected anti-terrorism laws and anti-terrorism policies worldwide. New legislation was passed in many countries; laws existing prior to 11 September 2001 have been used with a new focus on security and pre- vention; and there were attempts to integrate and harmonize national and in- ternational anti-terror measures in order to coordinate strategies against what is perceived as a global and globally coordinated threat. This book addresses two developments in the conceptualisation of citizen

Laws and documents Bolivian Laws (available at the homepage of the Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia: www.gacetaoficialdebolivia.gob.bo) Constitución Política del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia 2009 Constitución Política del Estado 1967 (reformed in 1994) Ley No. 045 del 8 de Octubre de 2010: Ley contra el Racismo y toda forma de dis- criminación Ley No. 070 del 20 de Diciembre de 2010: Ley de la Educación “AVELINO SIÑANI - ELIZARDO PÉREZ” Ley No. 138 del 14 de Junio de 2011: Declárase Patrimonio Histórico Cultural e Inma- terial del Estado

The War on Terror and the Classifications of the »Dangerous Other«
Series: Sozialtheorie

Futures of Law and Literature A Preliminary Over view from a Culturalist Perspective Greta Olson DemIse or ProlIfer atIon Two meta-narratives concerning developments in Law and Literature currently prevail.1 One suggests that the post-1970 movement that was spearheaded by reformist US American legal teachers such as J. B. White, Richard Weisberg, Robin West, and the moral philosopher Martha Nussbaum is no longer viable. Accordingly, the movement is adjudged to be politically and methodologically passé.2 Further, a discourse is emerging within legal theory

AI, Democracy and the Law Christian Djeffal Digital technologies are in the process of reconfiguring our democracy. While we look for orientation and guidance in this process, the relationship between tech- nology and democracy is unclear and seems to be in f lux. Are technology and de- mocracy mirroring each other?1 The internet was first hailed as genuinely demo- cratic technology and ultimate enabler of democracy. It is now often perceived as a major threat to democracy. The story of artificial intelligence (AI) might turn out to be quite the opposite

6. Laws of the Land By the 1870s, the legal system was simultaneously one of the most tenuous, yet one of the most important ties the Mesilla region had with the centers of the East and West of the United States. Earlier, laws had tied the Mesilla to the Mexican South, and before that, transatlantic Spain. In the American West in general, but especially in the Southwest, with its long Spanish and Mexican legal traditions, laws mattered, and they mattered a lot. It was not, however, legislation concerning crime and punishment that most affected