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Genres and Functions of the Short Story in North America
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Contents Preface and Acknowledgements | 9 Introduction | 13 PART ONE: LIFE, LITERATURE, AND KNOWLEDGE: THEORETICAL PREMISES 1. Literature, Life Knowledge, and ‘Science for Living’ | 41 2. The Knowledge of Literature: Positions, Debates, and Approaches | 51 3. Why Fiction? Aesthetic Experience, Life, and Knowledge | 65 PART TWO: THE GENERICITY OF LITERARY LIFE KNOWLEDGE IN THE SHORT STORY 4. The Short Story as an Organon of Life Knowledge: An Epistemological Approach to the Genre | 83 5. Life Knowledge as Projection: The

Preface and Acknowledgements The past few years have witnessed a renewed interest in the interrelation between literature and knowledge. The variety of approaches dealing with this relationship, and thus also the scope of their respective theoretical frameworks, are remarkable. They range, broadly, from literature and science studies to discourse analysis to the New Historicism and similar approaches dealing with the poetics or ‘poetol- ogy’ of knowledge, and draw on a number of diverse disciplines such as philoso- phy, anthropology, psychology

novella revolves around the question of the implications of her maternal inheritance. The only ex- ternal residue of this is the bluish-dark crescents at the roots of Jenni’s fingernails. This de- tail becomes central to the production of meaning in the text, for the way in which the cres- cents become the subject of the novella is symptomatic of how Storm tries to reconcile racial thinking and liberal humanism. This comparative study embeds the motif of the dark fin- gernails in its context, drawing on the history of literature and knowledge to clarify the am

Knowledge With this scenario in view, it comes as little or no surprise that at least some literary scholars seek solutions and fresh input in the re-establishment of the inter- relationship between literature and knowledge. Consequently, ‘literature and knowledge’ has become a flourishing field in literary studies in the last few years, yet it is probably one of the most diverse, contested, and theoretically heterogene- ous fields of research.12 Among the most fruitful and widespread approaches in this area are those that focus on the discursive connections

research fields are anthropology and philosophy of biology, he is co-editor of the volume Philosophie der Biologie – Eine Einführung (2005) (together with Ul- rich Krohs). Ulrike Vedder is professor of German literature at the Humboldt-University of Berlin. She is chair of the Faculty of Language and Literary Studies. Her research focuses on the intersection of genealogy and gender, literature and knowledge, and literature and material culture. Among her publications is the book Das Testament als literarisches Dispositiv. Kulturelle Praktiken des Erbes in der

chapter.1 Being one of the oldest ques- tions in Western literary criticism, it has resurfaced regularly, bringing to the fore the respective notions of ‘literatureandknowledge’ held in different historical periods, as well as the notions of related concepts such as ‘fiction’,2 ‘imagination’, ‘aesthetics’, ‘belief’, and ‘cognition’. Despite, or probably because of the longev- ity of this discussion, the “question of literature’s relationship to knowledge re- mains open; much will depend, of course, on how we define the act of knowing,” as Rita Felski succinctly

relationship between literature and knowledge has been conceptualized from a philosophical, i.e. cognitive and aesthetic, point of view.

(MA), London 1932. 1451a. 55 Iser: Das Fiktive und das Imaginäre. S. 505. 56 Ebd., S. 508. 57 Zumindest mit Blick auf Literatur als Gedankenexperiment ist diese Überlegung zwar nicht neu, aber bei weitem nicht etabliert. Vgl. zu dieser Debatte aktuell etwa Swirski, Peter: Of Literature and Knowledge. Explorations in Narrative Thought Experiments, Evolution, and Game Theory. London 2007; Mikkonen, Jukka: The Cognitive Value of Philosophical Fiction. London, New York 2013. Nicht-triviale Trivialitäten | 35 revealing adequacy conditions, tracing entailments