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1. Introduction: Materialist Minds The essence of dignity is the power to order; it is the will. Hence, the attention given to set- ting out the boundaries between those move- ments that are simply animal (involuntary) and those expressly human, the fruit of will or reason. Georges Canguilhem, La formation du concept du réflexe 1 The human body is the best picture of the human soul. Ludwig Wittgenstein, Philosophical Investigations  Minding Matter In 1641, René Descartes introduced the concept of res cogitans—a “thinking thing” or “thinking substance

The Neuroethics of Intracerebral Stem Cell Transplantation and Deep Brain Stimulation
Series: Science Studies
Comparative Approaches towards Complexity
Mental and Manual Labor in the Contemporary Political Crisis
Connecting Two Separate Fields

The Mind’s Eye and Palate Daniel de La Falaise At the turn of the last century, Auguste Escoffier divided kitchen tasks into a brigade system and ever since cookery has been taught in a way that prioritizes replication. This model has swayed the balance and dominated the changing face of kitchen and shopping habits, with people delegating the refinement of taste to a projected greater “other”. The recipe must be repeated! This constraint has merit when you are called upon to serve a banquet to a precise and exacting rhyme. A chef expects his brigade to snap

‘Choir of Minds’ Oral Media-Enthusiasm and Theories on Communal Creation (18th-20th Century) EVA AXER “Obviously, conscious effort, cool judg- ment, and creative intelligence are gifts of men, not of mobs; and it was perhaps too much to expect from a romantic century interest in these qualities.” LOUISE POUND I. ‘CHOIR OF MINDS’ OR ‘MOB MIND’? The 18th century shaped the modern concept of the genius. Ever since, no- tions of the artist and the work of art have been informed by the idea that the gifted individual can do better than the rest

1. Animal Mind Science, Philosophy, and Ethics Bernard E. Rollin Given the tendency of 20th century empirically-oriented philosophers and biological and psychological scientists to be agnostic if not downright atheistic about animal mind, it is somewhat surprising to find that their historical ancestors entertained no such reservations. John Locke, for example, responding to Descartes’ claim that animals were simply ma- chines, makes patent his belief in their mental lives. Somewhat inconsis- tently, he allows that they can reason, yet without the ability

9 Fractured Minds: Personal Narratives of Multiple Personality A two-page humorous vignette, “From the Files of Dr. Frontalobe” took the form of a series of first- person case histories as told by their examining neu- roscientist. The woman who used her husband as a tea cozy. The man who awakened from a forty-year coma with the urge to believe his elected officials. The man who turned multiple-personality in order to use the HOV lane. Sylvie laughed at the piece. “It’s affectionate. And anyway, it’s not about you, Man.” RICHARD POWERS THE ECHO

Mind the Gaps Diversity als spannungsgeladenes Zeitgeist-Dispositiv1 Margrit E. Kaufmann „[...] diversity as a term is in the air.“ 2 Diversity ist bekanntermaßen sowohl in Unternehmen als auch in der Wissenschaft und Zivilgesellschaft in den Mainstream und in Mode gekommen. Unter dem Begriff werden, wie erläutert werden soll, je nach Bereich nicht nur differente, sondern durchaus widersprüchliche Themenfelder, Konzepte und Praktiken verhandelt. Der Aufruf „Mind the Gaps“ – wobei sich Gap mit Lücke, Abstand, Spalte, Loch, Kluft, Riss, offene