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Chapter 1: Indonesian Housing Policy in the Era of Globalization Jo Santoso INTRODUCTION In the early1970s, the Government of Indonesia introduced a liberal market- oriented housing policy that focused on growth-oriented urban development. This new housing policy was based on the privatization of the housing sector and prioritized home ownership, factors that initiated the establishment of Indone- sia’s real estate sector. This new liberal policy also produced a number of nega- tive impacts on housing, particularly in the cities, where the

FOREIGN POLICY PHASE ANALYSIS: THE GDR’s ENGAGEMENT IN SOUTH YEMEN The following chapters analyze East Berlin’s engagement in South Yemen according to a chronological scheme of phases that is focused on the turning points and catalyst events of the GDR’s policy. The analysis of each phase begins with a short account of the major turning point that is considered to be the beginning of the phase, setting in motion internal South Yemeni socio-political changes. Next, Soviet interests and policies during the phase are sketched briefly to allow for an

The Implementation of Gender Impact Assessment in the European Union and Gender-based Analysis in Canada

Cultural Policy in Australia The Art of Nation 1 Deborah Stevenson Governing the Arts It is possible to identify three phases of Commonwealth patronage of the arts in Australia: voluntary entrepreneurship, statutory patronage, and decentralised patronage (Rowse 1985). The period of voluntary entrepreneurship covering the time from the establishment of the Aus- tralian Broadcasting Commission in 1932 to the late 1960s/early 1970s was “characterised by the voluntary cultural mission of non-commercial entrepreneurs, sometimes enjoying Commonwealth support

21 Policy-Making und Institutionalisierung In dieser Studie befasse ich mich mit sozialer Stadtpolitik. Als Untersu- chungsgegenstand ist die Politik klar abzugrenzen von Fragen der sozia- len oder der sozialräumlichen Entwicklung von Städten. Diese Aspekte spielen selbstverständlich in den Begründungsdiskursen zur Gestaltung der sozialen Stadtpolitik eine wesentliche Rolle, werden hier aber nur als solche – als Argumente im Politikprozess – behandelt. Mein Erkenntnis- interesse richtet sich vielmehr auf das „Policy-Making“, auf die Gestal- tung der

2 Urban Development Policy This chapter does the work of context setting. An insight into urban policy in Germany and the UK provides a basis for understanding how and why contemporary regeneration processes function as they do. Historically, Germany and the UK have developed different relationships between the State and civil society, and consequently different models of urban devel- opment. Despite this, development agendas in both cities are increasingly dominated by inter-urban competition (Harvey 1989; Krätke 2014b; Zukin 1998) and market

South Korean environmental policy After the Korean war (1950-1953), the Southern and Northern parts of the Korean peninsula were in a devastated economic and environmental condition. Large parts of the forest were cut down or burned in the war. In North and South Korea, two opposing political and economic systems evolved (Yang SC 1994), with South Korea continuing to be under the strong influence of its US American allies. Cumings describes the situ- ation of Korea at that time as “truncated into half a country, with almost no natural resources, a

The Intergovernmental Policy Actors Yudhishthir Raj lsar Because they elaborate both norms and instrumental knowledge which have worldwide authority, the specialized agencies of the United Nations system forge the kinds of ‘global’ perspectives on issues that sociologists include among the concomitants of globalization, e.g. Ulrich Beck’s inchoate ‘institutionalized cosmopolitanism’ (Beck, 2006: 9). Indeed, across a wide range of areas, the United Nations agencies have generated meta-narratives that deeply influence thinking and acting worldwide. Examples